Plant peanut seeds after all danger of frost has passed -- at least two weeks after the last spring frost.
Peanuts are a heat-loving crop, so choose a spot where the plants will receive as much sun and warmth as possible while they're growing.
"Raised bed" is a term used when soil is raised so that the seedbed is higher than the soil in the adjacent walkways. Because peanuts thrive in warm soil and their pegs must have loose soil to enter the ground, raised beds are best for this legume. Preparing raised beds is worth the extra time and effort. Here's what you need to do.
The simplest way to make a single row is to put stakes in the ground at each end of the row and stretch a string tightly between them. Draw a shallow furrow with a hoe beside the string in the well-spaded seedbed.
Plant shelled peanut seeds (with their skins still on) 1 1/2 to 2 1/2 inches deep (shallowest in clay soils). The general rule of planting the seed at a depth four times the diameter of the seed applies. Drop the seeds into well-worked single rows, two or three seeds per foot. Cover the seeds with soil and pack it down firmly with a hoe and water well. It's best to leave about 36 inches between the rows because the plants spread, becoming attractive bushes.