Answer: Botanically speaking, they're both Cucumis melo L., family Cucurbitaceae. The muskmelons grown commercially in this country were classified by Whitaker 1970) into "varieties." Variety reticulatus Naud. includes the cantaloupes and 'Persian' melons, and variety inodorus Naud. includes the Casabas and the Honey Dews. There are numerous cultivars of each.
Muskmelons are grown in most States, but more than one half the acreage is in California. The bulk of the muskmelon crop is cantaloupes, combined with a small acreage of Casabas and 'Persians', which amounted 111,800 acres in 1970. Honey Dews were produced on 13,200 acres. The combined farm value of all muskmelons was $93.3 million.
Hope this clarifies things for you!
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