The Q&A Archives: Propagating Fig Trees

Question: When and how can you propagate cuttings from an edible fig tree?

Answer: There are at least two ways to propagate a fig. One method is air layering where you wound a branch, prop open the wound with a small pebble, then wrap the wound with moistened spaghnum moss and cover the wrap with plastic. Roots will form at the site of the injury and you can cut the branch from the tree and pot it up. Begin the process in late spring, using a new branch thats about the diameter of a pencil. The second method is a hardwood cutting, taking a branch that has matured over the summer and rooting it in the ground. Now is a good time to begin, especially if you have a protected area to keep the cuttings over the winter. Cut about 8" off the end of a stem, dip the cut end in rooting hormone, and plant it in a pot filled with potting soil plus some sand. Place the pots somewhere outdoors where they will be protected from heavy rain or snowfall (next to the foundation of your house is a good place). Next spring gradually move them to a place where they'll receive all day sunshine. You'll know when the cuttings have rooted when they sprout new leaves.

Good luck with your project!

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