Answer: Timing of planting is the critical factor for planting garlic, especially in the far north. The farther north, the earlier in the fall you must plant. In Minneapolis, for instance, cloves must be in the ground no later than late September for proper root development before the onset of winter. Garlic enjoys full sun a sandy loam enriched with lots of organic matter. Heavier soils with organic matter also produce good bulbs (often larger) but the storing quality goes down. Late planting and insufficient sunlight sound like the culprits to your poor garlic crop.
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