Answer: English ivy (Hedera helix) will grow in containers and should grow in that location; it is evergreen for all year protection, too. It would grow on mesh or wooden trellis, or on a solid surface -- it uses hairy feet to stick itself to whatever it can reach. It will grow faster if you keep it well watered and fertilized. The larger the container the better in terms of keeping the soil evenly moist and insulating the roots during the winter. You might consider using some of the water holding polymer in the soil mix to help reduce the frequency of watering, too.
I am not sure that the ivy will grow fast enough to suit you, so you might want to try some of the annual vines such as moonflower vine or morning glories. These grow faster and bloom, but they are much bigger vines and would need proportionately larger containers. They will also die with the first fall frost.
Q&A Library Searching Tips