Answer: A professional landscaper or landscape architect may be able obtain a professional-grade deep underground bamboo barrier to stop the plant from running. However, some varieties of bamboo seem to escape even those heavy-duty barriers. In some cases, allowing it a "patch" and mowing around it regularly will keep it within a given area. In other cases it can be grown in an above ground container and root pruned regularly. Additionally, if it is marginally hardy in your area then a hard winter might set it back from time to time. Unfortunately, some of the running bamboos are just plain invasive and are extremely difficult to control, let alone eradicate. Finally, you might consider using a slower-growing, better-mannered clumping bamboo instead.
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