Answer: Growing good quality seedlings at home is not easy. It is true that the lights can be expensive, however it is critical that the plants be kept within about an inch of the bulbs. Lack of light is probably the biggest reason for poor quality. In my experience, an ordinary shop light fixture with one "warm" bulb and one "cool" bulb turned on for 16 hours a day works well. The bulbs should be relatively new and should be dusted if they have been stored for a while. Slightly cooler temperatures might also help, most seedlings grow best at only about 60 to 65 degrees, especially when low light is an issue. Also make sure you are not overfertilizing them. I am not certain your area will need the extra moisture, especially if you reduce the temperature a bit. If you have more plants than will fit under the lights at a time, maybe you can set the more cold tolerant seedlings out in a coldframe soon (bring them in at night if it gets really cold)? Finally, some seedlings are just large, such as those of some annual vines and possibly cucurbits. Other seedlings such as foxgloves are very tiny. Perhaps there is nothing wrong with your plants.
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