Answer: Most annual vines require full sunshine and do best if they get it all day long, but you might be able to grow sweet peas in a large container in an eastern exposure. If the sun includes noon, you might also try nasturtiums, morning glories, and black eyed Susan vine (this one is the smallest, only three feet or so). They will all need a trellis of some sort to climb.
If you would prefer a perennial vine and the container is very large, it is possible -- but not a sure thing -- that Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus) or English ivy (Hedera Helix)would overwinter successfully. Both of these vines grow by sticking themselves to the wall, so they would not need trellis. They do leave marks on the wall if you try to remove them, however.
Yet another possibility would be Campis radicans or trumpet vine. Again, a very large container and there is no absolute on it surviving, but it does bloom for a long period in the summer. It needs some sort of trellis as it is a twining vine. This vine blooms on new wood, so you would prune it annually early each spring to keep it in bounds.
Good luck with your experiment!
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