Answer: Dogwood foliage is a tad delicate and therefore not a good choice for the site you describe. Likewise with Japanese maple. While maples prefer cool summer temperatures, constant winds would dessicate the foliage and the result would not be pretty! Cedars, laurels and pines would be better choices, standing up to the elements without problem. You might also consider Arbutus unedo, the strawberry tree. This is actually a large shrub but can be trained into a tree, with wonderful results. For even more ideas, take a walk or drive around your neighborhood to see what is performing well and what appeals to you. If others can grow it, you can too!
Best wishes with your landscape!
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