Answer: Figs need a specific amount of sunlight and warmth in order to ripen. They will not ripen after they've been removed from the tree. Some fig trees ripen sooner than others; sometimes figs needing a longer summer will ripen and sometimes they won't. There's nothing you can do to speed the process up. Fig trees are a real challenge in New Jersery! Pruning the branches back to a manageable size and then covering the tree in the winter is an acceptable winterizing process. Some gardeners dig a trench adjacent to the tree, reduce the length of all the branches on one side, loosen the rootball so the tree can be laid on its side, then cover the tree with soil, straw, burlap, shredded leaves, etc. Then in the springtime, they remove the insulation material, stake the tree upright, prune the other side and fill in the trench. You might try this process and maybe your tree will get off to an earlier start, which may allow enough time for the fruit to ripen before fall weather sets in. Hope so!
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