Answer: Germination for geranium seed is famously irregular, it helps to presoak the seeds overnight before planting. They germinate best when soil temperature is between 70-80F. They should be just barely covered with soil. Geranium seed generally takes 14 days to sprout so the ones you planted on Jan. 16 really haven't had a chance yet. Remember also, geranium seed should be sown approximately 10-12 weeks before you plan to transplant them to the garden. What type of lighting are you providing? Geraniums germinate best when light is provided (preferably from above). That is probably why they germinated better on the paper towel. Seedlings started this way will not be as vigorous of course, they aren't receiving any nutrients as they would from the soil. They are also exposed to the possibility of drying out when placed on a paper towel. Sow impatiens seeds indoors about 12 weeks before the last frost. Sow on the surface of the media and gently press them into the mixture. Do not cover seeds, since they need light to germinate. Maintain a temperature of 70 to 75F. Bottom water until the surface of the media changes color (is wet) and cover with plastic wrap. Put under fluorescent lights and keep at 70 degrees F. Germination should occur in 8-20 days. Remove the plastic when germination is apparent. Transplant into individual pots.
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