Answer: Before planting you will want to eliminate the weeds, loosen the soil and work in organic matter such as compost, level the soil, and eventually plant. You can hand dig the weeds taking the roots, but some perennial weeds can regrow from any piece of root left in the soil. You could use an herbicide containing glyphosate to kill out the weeds. Be sure to carefully read and follow all of the label directions. Once the weeds have died, you can rake aside and save the mulch to re-use later as mulch, or you can dig it into the soil as a form of organic matter. You should also run some basic soil tests to check fertility levels and pH. Your local county extension should be able to help you with the tests and interpreting the results. Good luck with your new garden!
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