The Q&A Archives: Labeling Information Doesn't Agree

Question: The labeling information on your tree, Black Hills Spruce, Picea Glanca

Answer: Although this is technically a white spruce, P. glauca, this plant was found in the Black Hills of South Dakota. It is a 35 foot dwarf form of the 150 foot parent. It is seed grown, and is slow growing. It should fit the site you describe.

The white spruce is a large evergreen native to a large range spanning parts of Alaska, Canada and the Northeastern United states. It was introduced into Europe in 1700. This species was classified by German botanist, Andreas Voss, 1857-1924 but had formerly pseudonyms by two other Germans: Pinus glauca, by Konrad Moench and Picea alba Johann Link. New York horticulturist N. L. Britton conferred a third as Picea canadensis before Voss made the needed corrections. The genus Picea, classified by German botanist Fredrich Dietrich 1768-1850 includes about 35 species of cold resistant conifers distributed through temperate zones of North America and Europe. It translates from the Latin for pitch, a sugar rich gum extracted from spruce trees. It was brewed into beer and even used as chewing gum by Native Americans, then settlers.

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