Answer: If this is the first year you've planted, you might want to have the soil tested. Wait until the soil has dried out enough to crumble when you grab a handful and squish it with your fingers. To improve your soils texture and make it more hospitable to your new plants, add some organic matter. You can use compost, aged manure, leaf mold or peat moss and dig it in 8-12 inches. There's no rule, just spread 4-5 inches of organic matter over the garden bed and dig it in. The material will help hold moisture and will release nutrients to the roots of your plants. After you've planted, add a few inches of mulch material over the top of the bed to help supress weeds.
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