Answer: Peppers are usually set out in early June as transplants. The soil and weather must be warm when they are planted or they can become stunted. Also, you must set out good quality transplants that are not rootbound or otherwise stressed prior to planting. Peppers do well in conditions that are also suited to tomatoes: rich soil that is evenly moist yet well drained, and full sun all day. Peppers must flower in order to bear fruit. Flowering can stop or flowers will drop prematurely under certain temperature conditions (too hot or too cold), if the soil is too dry, or if not pollinated. Once a pepper sets, it should size up steadily over several months time. Overly dry soil will prevent the peppers from growing larger, as can nutrient deficiencies. Finally, enriching the soil with good quality compost and using an organic mulch as sources of organic matter will help improve and feed the soil slowly over time. I would suggest you work with your local county extension to run some basic soil tests and check fertility and pH of the soil. They may also have suggestions as to the best varieties to grow for your local area and should be able to help you trouble shoot the peppers in your garden.
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