The Q&A Archives: Garden planning

Question: I have a fence that runs roughly east to west and I would like to plant small trees or shrubs to about 10ft in height underplanted with smaller shrubs and perennials. Some that will feed the butterflies, bees and the hummingbirds that visit our garden. Although this part of the garden is in full sun there is always the part close to the fence that is in shade Thanks for your help. Yours, Roy.

Answer: Attracting wildlife is relatively easy. You simply need to include plants which provide nectar and protection from the elements. Start with the shrubs in the following list and then fill in around them with some of the perennials. Those perennials with an asterisk will grow in partly sunny spots:

Especially attractive to honeybees, butterflies and hummingbirds:
Abelia, glossy (Abelia)
Blueberry (Vaccinium species)
Buddleia (Buddleia davidii)
Buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)
Mock orange (Philadelphus species)
Redbud (Cercis)
Rose of sharon (Hibiscus syriacus)
Silverling (Baccharis species)
Spiraea (Spiraea species)
Summersweet (Clethra alnifolia)
Viburnum (Viburnum species)

Perennials include:
Ageratum (Ageratum)
Aster (Aster species)
Bee-balm (Monarda didyma)
Black-eyed susan (Rudbeckia species)
Boltonia (Boltonia asteroides)
*Bugle (Ajuga reptans)
Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa)
*Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
Coreopsis (Coreopsis species)
Daisy, Shasta (Chrysanthemum maximum)
*Daylily (Hemerocallis species)
*False indigo (Baptisia australis)
Gayfeather (Liatris species)
Goldenrod (Solidago species)
*Hibiscus (Hibiscus species)
Hollyhock (Althaea rosea)
Ironweed (Vernonia species)
Joe-pye weed (Eupatorium fistulosum)
Lantana (Lantana camara, L. species)
Leadplant (Amorpha fruticosa)
*Lobelia (Lobelia cardinalis)
Milkweed (Asclepias species)
Mountain mint (Pycnanthemum species)
Passion flower (Passiflora species)
Phlox (Phlox paniculata, P. carolina)
Sage (Salvia leucantha; Salvia species)
Sedum (Sedum species)
Thistles (Cirsium species)
Verbena (Verbena species)
Yarrow (Achillea species)

Hope this list is helpful!

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