Answer: Roses are usually pruned after their dormant season and just as new growth is beginning. This can be February or March in your gardening region. When you see new buds beginning to swell on the canes, you can prune your roses. Here are the basics: remove the dead and damaged canes as far back as necessary. Then, remove any suckers that arise from below the graft union, if there is one (the swelling near the base of the plant). Next, select the healthiest canes (thicker and bright green) and cut off the rest. If your roses are just a couple of years old, save about 3-5 canes. Save more on older plants. Lastly, cut the flowering canes back by one-third to one-half. Make your cuts about 1/4" above an outward-facing bud. Best wishes with your roses!
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