Answer: Prune in early spring to keep hybrid tea, grandiflora, and floribunda roses vigorously growing and blooming. Just as new buds begin to swell on the canes, remove any dead or damaged wood back to healthy wood and make each pruning cut at an angle 1/4" above an outward facing bud. This stimulates growth away from the center of the plant. Cut out all the old wood, but leave 3-5 healthy canes, and cut them back by a third or one-half. New flowering stems will develop from these canes. When you cut rose blooms, you can cut as much stem as you want, but make sure to leave two sets of five leaflet leaves on the stem below the cut, so they can continue to feed the stem.
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