Answer: Most azaleas grow best in a cool area, partly shaded from hot sun. They like an acid, well-draining soil that's rich in organic matter, and benefit from a 3-4 inch mulch. When you're preparing the soil, add some peatmoss to provide the acidity the plant needs, and mulch with additional peat. Dig your planting hole nearly twich the size of the root mass and loosen the soil well, then place your plant at about the same level it was growing in the container. Backfill with soil and gently tamp it down (don't step on it or you'll compact it too much!). Then make a basin around the stem of the plant for watering and water it well. If you put 3-4 inches of mulch material over it, you'll keep weeds from sprouting and you'll help the soil retain moisture. Apply one inch of water per week to your new plant.
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