Answer: The dogwood in question is probably a Pagoda Dogwood (Cornus alternifolia). Sometimes it is called an Alternate-leaf dogwood. It is native to the U.S and is a shrub or small tree with a short trunk and flat-topped, spreading crown of long, horizontal branches. Alternate-leaf dogwood or pogoda dogwood is deciduous and can grow 20-35 ft. tall, with decidedly horizontal branching. Branch ends are upturned. Bark and twigs are green to reddish-purple. Wide, flat-topped clusters of fragrant, white-cream flowers become clusters of reddish-purple berries. Fall foliage is a dull maroon. Unlike all other native dogwoods, this species has alternate rather than opposite leaves. The name Pagoda Dogwood alludes to the flat-topped crown, with horizontal layers of branches. The bitter berrylike fruits of this and other dogwoods are consumed in quantities in fall and winter by wildlife.
You can train your Pagoda dogwood into a tree shape by removing all but one of the stems coming from the ground. This will be the trunk of the tree. Remove all the lower branches until only the top third has branches and leaves. It will take several years to train your dogwood into a tree form. Prune during the dormant season.
Fertilizer stakes are just fine for your dogwoods.
Q&A Library Searching Tips