Answer: Peppers taste best if allowed to fully mature before harvesting. Habaneros are one of the hottest peppers around, especially if used dried. They will mature about 90 days after planting and should be a bright red when harvested. Fresno is a medium hot 4-inch long chile. Maturing in 75 days, Fresno will turn from green to red when mature. Cayenne is a dark green pepper that matures to bright red. It grows 4-5 inches long and about 1/2 inch in diameter. Jalapeno peppers are small, thick walled peppers that taste best green but will mature to red. All peppers will keep for several days to a few weeks if stored in the refrigerator. You can use them fresh, or as part of a salsa that you freeze or can. If you want longer storage times, the peppers should be dried and stored in airtight containers. Dried peppers have an intense taste, so use them sparingly until you can predict how hot the finished product will be.
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