In the Garden:
The short warm days and crisp nights of autumn trigger leaf color changes, and remind me it's time to clean up the garden.
Putting the Garden to Bed for the Winter
If you've harvested the last of your vegetables, it's time to get the garden ready for the winter. It might be tempting to just walk away and deal with the garden next spring, but a little work now will result in a healthy, productive garden next year.
Cucumber vines, squash vines, and the dried remains of tomato and bean plants are most likely to harbor plant disease. If you allow this disease-carrying residue to remain on the soil's surface, there is a good chance the organisms will like through the winter and infect your new plants in the spring.
I gather and discard plant material that is severely infected and plow or spade under the remaining plant debris. Turning under crop residues will expose disease-causing organisms to helpful organisms that will cause it to decay. As the residue breaks down it will help improve the soil.
Plowing under leaves, stalks, and vegetable plant debris is helpful in other ways. The rough, uneven surface of a plowed garden is more prone to alternate freezing and thawing during the winter months which helps break down heavy soil clumps.
Have Your Soil Tested
Most soils in our region are naturally acidic. Soil test results will indicate current pH and nutrient levels and include recommendations for liming and fertilizing, to help maintain good plant growth. Lime applied and incorporated into the soil during the fall months prepares the soil for next season's vegetables.
A final step in fall garden clean up is to evaluate the garden and make notes to help you plan for next year's efforts. Include information on the crops and varieties you grew this year, to help you decide about seed and transplant purchases next year. Note the crops and varieties that did poorly. If there was a problem with a particular plant disease, note that too, so you can look for disease resistant varieties. Even if this year's garden was the best ever and you don't want to change a thing, it's still a good idea to jot down what you did.
I think vegetable gardening is such a rewarding hobby that it's hard for me to face the end of the season. But it's time to draw this activity to a proper conclusion by paying attention to these all-important fall chores. Once done, I can look forward to a healthy, well-prepared garden plot, ready for early spring planting.
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