Plant ID forum: Wild viola in my woods - purple, white and yellow

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Name: Dave Whitinger
Jacksonville, Texas (Zone 8b)
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dave
Feb 16, 2012 3:29 PM CST

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It's not a johnny jump up but it's growing wild deep in my woods. Does anyone know the species?

Thumb of 2012-02-16/dave/6ff2d2
Name: Janet Super Sleuth
Near Lincoln UK
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JRsbugs
Feb 16, 2012 3:49 PM CST
There's a key, each species has a description .. it does mention Viola rafinesquii as a similar species to V. tricolor, that looks right!

http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/okwild/dgviolet.html

http://americanvioletsociety.org/Violet_Keys/Viola_tricolor....

http://americanvioletsociety.org/Violet_Keys/Dichotomous_Key...



Name: Janet Super Sleuth
Near Lincoln UK
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JRsbugs
Feb 16, 2012 3:52 PM CST
Here's a description ..

http://www.vplants.org/plants/species/species.jsp?gid=42219

More photos showing leaves ..

http://www.inhs.uiuc.edu/animals_plants/plants/ilgallery/The...
[Last edited by JRsbugs - Feb 16, 2012 3:54 PM (+)]
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Name: Dave Whitinger
Jacksonville, Texas (Zone 8b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Texas Master Gardener: Texas Permaculture Raises cows I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Garden Ideas: Master Level Beekeeper Garden Sages Avid Green Pages Reviewer Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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dave
Feb 16, 2012 3:56 PM CST

Garden.org Admin

Well, according to that I have V. tricolor...
Name: Janet Super Sleuth
Near Lincoln UK
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JRsbugs
Feb 16, 2012 4:02 PM CST
That's what I thought Dave, until I saw the mention of Viola rafinesquii as a similar species, it's not in the keys. The top petals don't look quite right. Read the description, it says it's not native and was introduced from further south..

Viola rafinesquii is probably most similar to the also small-flowered V. arvensis, but that species has sepals that are longer than the lateral petals, and the flower is pale cream. Also similar is V. tricolor, but that species has longer flowers (over 1.5 cm), and the upper pair of petals are dark blue or purple from the middle to the tips.


http://www.vplants.org/plants/species/species.jsp?gid=42219
Name: Dave Whitinger
Jacksonville, Texas (Zone 8b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Texas Master Gardener: Texas Permaculture Raises cows I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Garden Ideas: Master Level Beekeeper Garden Sages Avid Green Pages Reviewer Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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dave
Feb 16, 2012 4:04 PM CST

Garden.org Admin

The foliage on mine is also very different from V. rafinesquii.
Name: Janet Super Sleuth
Near Lincoln UK
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JRsbugs
Feb 16, 2012 4:08 PM CST
If you know what wintergreen smells like you could try bruising the roots..

Notes:The bruised roots of V. rafinesquii have a smell of wintergreen. This Eurasian species was introduced from further south in the United States. It has also been known by the name Viola bicolor.


Description of leaves..

Leaves alternate to almost opposite, stalked, hairy or almost hairless, shallowly round-toothed, and small (0.5 - 2.5 cm long). All the leaves have tapering bases, but otherwise are variable in shape with the lowest leaves being rounded, while the upper leaves are more narrow oblong to spoon-shaped, and often non-toothed. Stipules large, almost leafy, deeply lobed near base into many slender segments and one large terminal segment .


Could be a natural cross between species?
Name: Lin
Florida (Zone 9b)
Region: United States of America Morning Glories Region: Florida Houseplants Charter ATP Member I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
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plantladylin
Feb 16, 2012 8:17 PM CST
Just a wild guess because I'm having vision trouble today. How about Collinsia violacea? http://www.google.com/search?q=Collinsia+violacea+images&hl=...
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Name: Janet Super Sleuth
Near Lincoln UK
Charter ATP Member Organic Gardener Garden Photography Bee Lover Dragonflies Cat Lover
Butterflies Birds Plant Identifier I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database! Spiders!
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JRsbugs
Feb 16, 2012 8:19 PM CST
Nope Lin, it's definitely a Viola. ;)
Name: Dave Whitinger
Jacksonville, Texas (Zone 8b)
Charter ATP Member Region: Texas Master Gardener: Texas Permaculture Raises cows I was one of the first 300 contributors to the plant database!
Garden Ideas: Master Level Beekeeper Garden Sages Avid Green Pages Reviewer Celebrating Gardening: 2015 Plant Identifier
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dave
Feb 16, 2012 9:39 PM CST

Garden.org Admin

I'll go bruise the roots and see what they smell like. Smiling
Name: Christine
North East Texas (Zone 7b)
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wildflowers
Apr 5, 2014 12:15 PM CST
I think your flower is a Field Pansy, Viola bicolor. I have the same. I just added a picture to the database, so hope I'm right.

http://uswildflowers.com/detail.php?SName=Viola%20bicolor

Well, I say that but now I'm not sure... After reading this site, I'm a little confused, bicolor or tricolor?

http://uswildflowers.com/detail.php?SName=Viola%20bicolor
May your life be like a wildflower, growing freely in the beauty and joy of each day --Native American Proverb

Name: Christine
North East Texas (Zone 7b)
Charter ATP Member Birds Organic Gardener Native Plants and Wildflowers Winter Sowing Herbs
Critters Allowed Dog Lover Cat Lover Keeper of Poultry Lover of wildlife (Raccoon badge) Composter
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wildflowers
Apr 5, 2014 12:36 PM CST
It looks like my images were approved as Viola bicolor.

Field Pansy (Viola bicolor)

May your life be like a wildflower, growing freely in the beauty and joy of each day --Native American Proverb

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