When to Plant Vegetables in Roanoke, Virginia

Your vegetable planning guide for
Roanoke, Virginia

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 13 and ends Oct 22, totalling 192 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 2, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 3 and then transplant them into the garden around March 24. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 13. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 3. Then, around April 9 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 13, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Feb 28 - Mar 14 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Apr 13 - May 11
Beets n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 2
Broccoli Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Cabbage Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Mar 30 - Apr 13
Carrots n/a n/a Mar 2 - Mar 30
Cauliflower Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Mar 2 - Mar 16
Collards Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Apr 13 - Apr 27
Cucumbers n/a n/a Apr 13 - Apr 27
Eggplants Feb 3 - Feb 17 Apr 13 - Apr 27 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Apr 13 - Apr 27
Kale Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Kohlrabi Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Lettuce Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 2 - Mar 30 Mar 2 - Mar 30
Mustard Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Apr 13 - Apr 27
Onions Jan 27 - Feb 3 Feb 13 - Mar 14 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Feb 13 - Mar 14
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Apr 13 - May 11
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Feb 13 - Mar 14
Peppers Feb 3 - Feb 17 Apr 13 - Apr 27 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Feb 13 - Mar 14
Radishes n/a n/a Feb 28 - Apr 27
Spinach Feb 3 - Feb 17 Mar 16 - Mar 30 Feb 28 - Mar 30
Sweet Potatoes n/a Apr 13 - May 4 n/a
Tomatoes Feb 3 - Feb 17 Apr 13 - Apr 27 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Apr 13 - Apr 27

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 22. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 14. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 7, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 13, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 24 and then transplant them into the garden around August 3. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 8.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 9.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jul 9 - Aug 8
Beets n/a n/a Aug 8 - Sep 22
Broccoli May 28 - Jul 12 Jul 9 - Aug 23 n/a
Brussel Sprouts May 28 - Jul 12 Jul 9 - Aug 23 n/a
Cabbage May 28 - Jul 12 Jul 9 - Aug 23 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Jun 24 - Jul 9
Carrots n/a n/a Jul 24 - Sep 22
Cauliflower May 28 - Jul 12 Jul 9 - Aug 23 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jul 9 - Sep 22
Collards Jun 24 - Aug 8 Jul 24 - Sep 7 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jul 9 - Jul 24
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jul 9 - Jul 24
Eggplants May 13 - May 28 Jun 24 - Jul 9 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Aug 8 - Sep 22
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Jun 9 - Jul 9
Kale May 28 - Jul 12 Jul 9 - Aug 23 n/a
Kohlrabi May 28 - Jul 12 Jul 9 - Aug 23 n/a
Lettuce Jul 24 - Aug 23 Aug 23 - Sep 22 Aug 23 - Sep 22
Mustard n/a n/a Aug 23 - Sep 22
Okra n/a n/a Jun 9 - Jul 9
Onions n/a n/a Sep 22 - Oct 2
Parsley Jun 9 - Jul 24 Jul 24 - Sep 7 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jul 24 - Aug 23
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Jun 9 - Jul 9
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jul 24 - Aug 23
Peppers May 18 - Jun 2 Jun 29 - Jul 14 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jul 24 - Aug 23
Radishes n/a n/a Aug 23 - Sep 22
Spinach Jul 9 - Aug 23 Aug 8 - Sep 22 Aug 8 - Sep 22
Tomatoes May 18 - Jun 2 Jun 29 - Jul 14 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Sep 7 - Oct 7
Watermelon n/a n/a Jun 9 - Jul 9

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?


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