When to Plant Vegetables in Radley, Kansas

Your vegetable planning guide for
Radley, Kansas

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 17 and ends Oct 19, totalling 185 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 6, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 7 and then transplant them into the garden around March 28. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 17. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 7. Then, around April 13 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 17, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Mar 3 - Mar 18 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Apr 17 - May 15
Beets n/a n/a Feb 21 - Mar 6
Broccoli Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Cabbage Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Apr 3 - Apr 17
Carrots n/a n/a Mar 6 - Apr 3
Cauliflower Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Mar 6 - Mar 20
Collards Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Apr 17 - May 1
Cucumbers n/a n/a Apr 17 - May 1
Eggplants Feb 7 - Feb 21 Apr 17 - May 1 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Apr 17 - May 1
Kale Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Kohlrabi Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Lettuce Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 6 - Apr 3 Mar 6 - Apr 3
Mustard Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Apr 17 - May 1
Onions Jan 31 - Feb 7 Feb 17 - Mar 18 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 18
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Apr 17 - May 15
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 18
Peppers Feb 7 - Feb 21 Apr 17 - May 1 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 18
Radishes n/a n/a Mar 3 - May 1
Spinach Feb 7 - Feb 21 Mar 20 - Apr 3 Mar 3 - Apr 3
Sweet Potatoes n/a Apr 17 - May 8 n/a
Tomatoes Feb 7 - Feb 21 Apr 17 - May 1 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Apr 17 - May 1

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 19. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 11. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 4, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 10, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 21 and then transplant them into the garden around July 31. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 5.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 6.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jul 6 - Aug 5
Beets n/a n/a Aug 5 - Sep 19
Broccoli May 25 - Jul 9 Jul 6 - Aug 20 n/a
Brussel Sprouts May 25 - Jul 9 Jul 6 - Aug 20 n/a
Cabbage May 25 - Jul 9 Jul 6 - Aug 20 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Jun 21 - Jul 6
Carrots n/a n/a Jul 21 - Sep 19
Cauliflower May 25 - Jul 9 Jul 6 - Aug 20 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jul 6 - Sep 19
Collards Jun 21 - Aug 5 Jul 21 - Sep 4 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jul 6 - Jul 21
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jul 6 - Jul 21
Eggplants May 10 - May 25 Jun 21 - Jul 6 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Aug 5 - Sep 19
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Jun 6 - Jul 6
Kale May 25 - Jul 9 Jul 6 - Aug 20 n/a
Kohlrabi May 25 - Jul 9 Jul 6 - Aug 20 n/a
Lettuce Jul 21 - Aug 20 Aug 20 - Sep 19 Aug 20 - Sep 19
Mustard n/a n/a Aug 20 - Sep 19
Okra n/a n/a Jun 6 - Jul 6
Onions n/a n/a Sep 19 - Sep 29
Parsley Jun 6 - Jul 21 Jul 21 - Sep 4 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jul 21 - Aug 20
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Jun 6 - Jul 6
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jul 21 - Aug 20
Peppers May 15 - May 30 Jun 26 - Jul 11 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jul 21 - Aug 20
Radishes n/a n/a Aug 20 - Sep 19
Spinach Jul 6 - Aug 20 Aug 5 - Sep 19 Aug 5 - Sep 19
Tomatoes May 15 - May 30 Jun 26 - Jul 11 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Sep 4 - Oct 4
Watermelon n/a n/a Jun 6 - Jul 6

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?
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