When to Plant Vegetables in Radley, Kansas

Your vegetable planning guide for
Radley, Kansas

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 17 and ends Oct 19, totalling 185 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 6, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 7 and then transplant them into the garden around March 28. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 17. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 7. Then, around April 13 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 17, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

CropSow seeds indoorsTransplant seedlings into the gardenDirect sow seeds
Asparagusn/aMar 3 - Mar 18n/a
Beansn/an/aApr 17 - May 15
Beetsn/an/aFeb 21 - Mar 6
BroccoliFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
Brussel SproutsFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
CabbageFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
Cantaloupen/an/aApr 3 - Apr 17
Carrotsn/an/aMar 6 - Apr 3
CauliflowerFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
Chardn/an/aMar 6 - Mar 20
CollardsFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
Cornn/an/aApr 17 - May 1
Cucumbersn/an/aApr 17 - May 1
EggplantsFeb 7 - Feb 21Apr 17 - May 1n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkinsn/an/aApr 17 - May 1
KaleFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
KohlrabiFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
LettuceFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 6 - Apr 3Mar 6 - Apr 3
MustardFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3n/a
Okran/an/aApr 17 - May 1
OnionsJan 31 - Feb 7Feb 17 - Mar 18n/a
Peas (English)n/an/aFeb 17 - Mar 18
Peas (Southern)n/an/aApr 17 - May 15
Peas (Sugar Snap)n/an/aFeb 17 - Mar 18
PeppersFeb 7 - Feb 21Apr 17 - May 1n/a
Potatoesn/an/aFeb 17 - Mar 18
Radishesn/an/aMar 3 - May 1
SpinachFeb 7 - Feb 21Mar 20 - Apr 3Mar 3 - Apr 3
Sweet Potatoesn/aApr 17 - May 8n/a
TomatoesFeb 7 - Feb 21Apr 17 - May 1n/a
Watermelonn/an/aApr 17 - May 1

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 19. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 11. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 4, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 10, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 21 and then transplant them into the garden around July 31. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 5.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 6.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

CropSow seeds indoorsTransplant seedlings into the gardenDirect sow seeds
Beansn/an/aJul 6 - Aug 5
Beetsn/an/aAug 5 - Sep 19
BroccoliMay 25 - Jul 9Jul 6 - Aug 20n/a
Brussel SproutsMay 25 - Jul 9Jul 6 - Aug 20n/a
CabbageMay 25 - Jul 9Jul 6 - Aug 20n/a
Cantaloupen/an/aJun 21 - Jul 6
Carrotsn/an/aJul 21 - Sep 19
CauliflowerMay 25 - Jul 9Jul 6 - Aug 20n/a
Chardn/an/aJul 6 - Sep 19
CollardsJun 21 - Aug 5Jul 21 - Sep 4n/a
Cornn/an/aJul 6 - Jul 21
Cucumbersn/an/aJul 6 - Jul 21
EggplantsMay 10 - May 25Jun 21 - Jul 6n/a
Garlicn/an/aAug 5 - Sep 19
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkinsn/an/aJun 6 - Jul 6
KaleMay 25 - Jul 9Jul 6 - Aug 20n/a
KohlrabiMay 25 - Jul 9Jul 6 - Aug 20n/a
LettuceJul 21 - Aug 20Aug 20 - Sep 19Aug 20 - Sep 19
Mustardn/an/aAug 20 - Sep 19
Okran/an/aJun 6 - Jul 6
Onionsn/an/aSep 19 - Sep 29
ParsleyJun 6 - Jul 21Jul 21 - Sep 4n/a
Peas (English)n/an/aJul 21 - Aug 20
Peas (Southern)n/an/aJun 6 - Jul 6
Peas (Sugar Snap)n/an/aJul 21 - Aug 20
PeppersMay 15 - May 30Jun 26 - Jul 11n/a
Potatoesn/an/aJul 21 - Aug 20
Radishesn/an/aAug 20 - Sep 19
SpinachJul 6 - Aug 20Aug 5 - Sep 19Aug 5 - Sep 19
TomatoesMay 15 - May 30Jun 26 - Jul 11n/a
Turnipsn/an/aSep 4 - Oct 4
Watermelonn/an/aJun 6 - Jul 6

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?
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