When to Plant Vegetables in Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Your vegetable planning guide for
Amsterdam, The Netherlands

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Mar 10 and ends Sep 23, totalling 197 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around January 28, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around December 31 and then transplant them into the garden around February 19. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around January 10. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around December 31. Then, around March 6 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around March 10, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Jan 25 - Feb 9 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Mar 10 - Apr 7
Beets n/a n/a Jan 14 - Jan 28
Broccoli Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Cabbage Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Feb 25 - Mar 10
Carrots n/a n/a Jan 28 - Feb 25
Cauliflower Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jan 28 - Feb 11
Collards Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Mar 10 - Mar 24
Cucumbers n/a n/a Mar 10 - Mar 24
Eggplants Dec 31 - Jan 14 Mar 10 - Mar 24 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Mar 10 - Mar 24
Kale Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Kohlrabi Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Lettuce Dec 31 - Jan 14 Jan 28 - Feb 25 Jan 28 - Feb 25
Mustard Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Mar 10 - Mar 24
Onions Dec 24 - Dec 31 Jan 10 - Feb 9 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jan 10 - Feb 9
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Mar 10 - Apr 7
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jan 10 - Feb 9
Peppers Dec 31 - Jan 14 Mar 10 - Mar 24 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jan 10 - Feb 9
Radishes n/a n/a Jan 25 - Mar 24
Spinach Dec 31 - Jan 14 Feb 11 - Feb 25 Jan 25 - Feb 25
Sweet Potatoes n/a Mar 10 - Mar 31 n/a
Tomatoes Dec 31 - Jan 14 Mar 10 - Mar 24 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Mar 10 - Mar 24

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around September 23. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around June 15. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around August 9, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around July 15, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around May 26 and then transplant them into the garden around July 5. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around July 10.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around June 10.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jul 10
Beets n/a n/a Jul 10 - Aug 24
Broccoli Apr 29 - Jun 13 Jun 10 - Jul 25 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Apr 29 - Jun 13 Jun 10 - Jul 25 n/a
Cabbage Apr 29 - Jun 13 Jun 10 - Jul 25 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a May 26 - Jun 10
Carrots n/a n/a Jun 25 - Aug 24
Cauliflower Apr 29 - Jun 13 Jun 10 - Jul 25 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jun 10 - Aug 24
Collards May 26 - Jul 10 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jun 25
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jun 25
Eggplants Apr 14 - Apr 29 May 26 - Jun 10 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Jul 10 - Aug 24
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a May 11 - Jun 10
Kale Apr 29 - Jun 13 Jun 10 - Jul 25 n/a
Kohlrabi Apr 29 - Jun 13 Jun 10 - Jul 25 n/a
Lettuce Jun 25 - Jul 25 Jul 25 - Aug 24 Jul 25 - Aug 24
Mustard n/a n/a Jul 25 - Aug 24
Okra n/a n/a May 11 - Jun 10
Onions n/a n/a Aug 24 - Sep 3
Parsley May 11 - Jun 25 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jun 25 - Jul 25
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a May 11 - Jun 10
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jun 25 - Jul 25
Peppers Apr 19 - May 4 May 31 - Jun 15 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jun 25 - Jul 25
Radishes n/a n/a Jul 25 - Aug 24
Spinach Jun 10 - Jul 25 Jul 10 - Aug 24 Jul 10 - Aug 24
Tomatoes Apr 19 - May 4 May 31 - Jun 15 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Aug 9 - Sep 8
Watermelon n/a n/a May 11 - Jun 10

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?


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