When to Plant Vegetables in Asheville, NC

Your vegetable planning guide for
Asheville, NC

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 21 and ends Oct 14, totalling 176 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 10, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 11 and then transplant them into the garden around April 1. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 21. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 11. Then, around April 17 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 21, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Mar 7 - Mar 22 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Apr 21 - May 19
Beets n/a n/a Feb 25 - Mar 10
Broccoli Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Cabbage Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Apr 7 - Apr 21
Carrots n/a n/a Mar 10 - Apr 7
Cauliflower Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Mar 10 - Mar 24
Collards Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Apr 21 - May 5
Cucumbers n/a n/a Apr 21 - May 5
Eggplants Feb 11 - Feb 25 Apr 21 - May 5 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Apr 21 - May 5
Kale Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Kohlrabi Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Lettuce Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 10 - Apr 7 Mar 10 - Apr 7
Mustard Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Apr 21 - May 5
Onions Feb 4 - Feb 11 Feb 21 - Mar 22 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Feb 21 - Mar 22
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Apr 21 - May 19
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Feb 21 - Mar 22
Peppers Feb 11 - Feb 25 Apr 21 - May 5 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Feb 21 - Mar 22
Radishes n/a n/a Mar 7 - May 5
Spinach Feb 11 - Feb 25 Mar 24 - Apr 7 Mar 7 - Apr 7
Sweet Potatoes n/a Apr 21 - May 12 n/a
Tomatoes Feb 11 - Feb 25 Apr 21 - May 5 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Apr 21 - May 5

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 14. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 6. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around August 30, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 5, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 16 and then transplant them into the garden around July 26. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around July 31.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 1.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jul 1 - Jul 31
Beets n/a n/a Jul 31 - Sep 14
Broccoli May 20 - Jul 4 Jul 1 - Aug 15 n/a
Brussel Sprouts May 20 - Jul 4 Jul 1 - Aug 15 n/a
Cabbage May 20 - Jul 4 Jul 1 - Aug 15 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Jun 16 - Jul 1
Carrots n/a n/a Jul 16 - Sep 14
Cauliflower May 20 - Jul 4 Jul 1 - Aug 15 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jul 1 - Sep 14
Collards Jun 16 - Jul 31 Jul 16 - Aug 30 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jul 1 - Jul 16
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jul 1 - Jul 16
Eggplants May 5 - May 20 Jun 16 - Jul 1 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Jul 31 - Sep 14
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Jun 1 - Jul 1
Kale May 20 - Jul 4 Jul 1 - Aug 15 n/a
Kohlrabi May 20 - Jul 4 Jul 1 - Aug 15 n/a
Lettuce Jul 16 - Aug 15 Aug 15 - Sep 14 Aug 15 - Sep 14
Mustard n/a n/a Aug 15 - Sep 14
Okra n/a n/a Jun 1 - Jul 1
Onions n/a n/a Sep 14 - Sep 24
Parsley Jun 1 - Jul 16 Jul 16 - Aug 30 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jul 16 - Aug 15
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Jun 1 - Jul 1
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jul 16 - Aug 15
Peppers May 10 - May 25 Jun 21 - Jul 6 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jul 16 - Aug 15
Radishes n/a n/a Aug 15 - Sep 14
Spinach Jul 1 - Aug 15 Jul 31 - Sep 14 Jul 31 - Sep 14
Tomatoes May 10 - May 25 Jun 21 - Jul 6 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Aug 30 - Sep 29
Watermelon n/a n/a Jun 1 - Jul 1

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?
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