When to Plant Vegetables in Austin, TX

Your vegetable planning guide for
Austin, TX

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Feb 17 and ends Dec 6, totalling 293 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around January 6, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around December 9 and then transplant them into the garden around January 28. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around December 19. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around December 9. Then, around February 13 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around February 17, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Jan 3 - Jan 18 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 16
Beets n/a n/a Dec 23 - Jan 6
Broccoli Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Cabbage Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Feb 3 - Feb 17
Carrots n/a n/a Jan 6 - Feb 3
Cauliflower Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jan 6 - Jan 20
Collards Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 2
Cucumbers n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 2
Eggplants Dec 9 - Dec 23 Feb 17 - Mar 2 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 2
Kale Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Kohlrabi Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Lettuce Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 6 - Feb 3 Jan 6 - Feb 3
Mustard Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 2
Onions Dec 2 - Dec 9 Dec 19 - Jan 18 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Dec 19 - Jan 18
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 16
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Dec 19 - Jan 18
Peppers Dec 9 - Dec 23 Feb 17 - Mar 2 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Dec 19 - Jan 18
Radishes n/a n/a Jan 3 - Mar 2
Spinach Dec 9 - Dec 23 Jan 20 - Feb 3 Jan 3 - Feb 3
Sweet Potatoes n/a Feb 17 - Mar 9 n/a
Tomatoes Dec 9 - Dec 23 Feb 17 - Mar 2 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Feb 17 - Mar 2

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around December 6. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around August 28. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around October 22, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around September 27, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around August 8 and then transplant them into the garden around September 17. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around September 22.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around August 23.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Aug 23 - Sep 22
Beets n/a n/a Sep 22 - Nov 6
Broccoli Jul 12 - Aug 26 Aug 23 - Oct 7 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Jul 12 - Aug 26 Aug 23 - Oct 7 n/a
Cabbage Jul 12 - Aug 26 Aug 23 - Oct 7 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Aug 8 - Aug 23
Carrots n/a n/a Sep 7 - Nov 6
Cauliflower Jul 12 - Aug 26 Aug 23 - Oct 7 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Aug 23 - Nov 6
Collards Aug 8 - Sep 22 Sep 7 - Oct 22 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Aug 23 - Sep 7
Cucumbers n/a n/a Aug 23 - Sep 7
Eggplants Jun 27 - Jul 12 Aug 8 - Aug 23 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Sep 22 - Nov 6
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Jul 24 - Aug 23
Kale Jul 12 - Aug 26 Aug 23 - Oct 7 n/a
Kohlrabi Jul 12 - Aug 26 Aug 23 - Oct 7 n/a
Lettuce Sep 7 - Oct 7 Oct 7 - Nov 6 Oct 7 - Nov 6
Mustard n/a n/a Oct 7 - Nov 6
Okra n/a n/a Jul 24 - Aug 23
Onions n/a n/a Nov 6 - Nov 16
Parsley Jul 24 - Sep 7 Sep 7 - Oct 22 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Sep 7 - Oct 7
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Jul 24 - Aug 23
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Sep 7 - Oct 7
Peppers Jul 2 - Jul 17 Aug 13 - Aug 28 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Sep 7 - Oct 7
Radishes n/a n/a Oct 7 - Nov 6
Spinach Aug 23 - Oct 7 Sep 22 - Nov 6 Sep 22 - Nov 6
Tomatoes Jul 2 - Jul 17 Aug 13 - Aug 28 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Oct 22 - Nov 21
Watermelon n/a n/a Jul 24 - Aug 23

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?


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