When to Plant Vegetables in Cleveland, OH

Your vegetable planning guide for
Cleveland, OH

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 30 and ends Oct 23, totalling 176 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 19, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 20 and then transplant them into the garden around April 10. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around March 1. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 20. Then, around April 26 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 30, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature. Having said that, we note that your location has a shorter than average growing season. Many summer vegetables need more days to mature than your area will provide. For that reason, we recommend you get a head-start by starting these summer vegetables indoors around April 10, and transplant those seedlings out after the danger of frost is past.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

CropSow seeds indoorsTransplant seedlings into the gardenDirect sow seeds
Asparagusn/aMar 16 - Mar 31n/a
Beansn/an/aApr 30 - May 28
Beetsn/an/aMar 5 - Mar 19
BroccoliFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
Brussel SproutsFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
CabbageFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
Cantaloupen/an/aApr 16 - Apr 30
Carrotsn/an/aMar 19 - Apr 16
CauliflowerFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
Chardn/an/aMar 19 - Apr 2
CollardsFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
Cornn/an/aApr 30 - May 14
Cucumbersn/an/aApr 30 - May 14
EggplantsFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 30 - May 14n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkinsn/an/aApr 30 - May 14
KaleFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
KohlrabiFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
LettuceFeb 20 - Mar 5Mar 19 - Apr 16Mar 19 - Apr 16
MustardFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16n/a
Okran/an/aApr 30 - May 14
OnionsFeb 13 - Feb 20Mar 1 - Mar 31n/a
Peas (English)n/an/aMar 1 - Mar 31
Peas (Southern)n/an/aApr 30 - May 28
Peas (Sugar Snap)n/an/aMar 1 - Mar 31
PeppersFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 30 - May 14n/a
Potatoesn/an/aMar 1 - Mar 31
Radishesn/an/aMar 16 - May 14
SpinachFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 2 - Apr 16Mar 16 - Apr 16
Sweet Potatoesn/aApr 30 - May 21n/a
TomatoesFeb 20 - Mar 5Apr 30 - May 14n/a
Watermelonn/an/aApr 30 - May 14

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 23. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 15. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 8, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 14, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 25 and then transplant them into the garden around August 4. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 9.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 10.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

CropSow seeds indoorsTransplant seedlings into the gardenDirect sow seeds
Beansn/an/aJul 10 - Aug 9
Beetsn/an/aAug 9 - Sep 23
BroccoliMay 29 - Jul 13Jul 10 - Aug 24n/a
Brussel SproutsMay 29 - Jul 13Jul 10 - Aug 24n/a
CabbageMay 29 - Jul 13Jul 10 - Aug 24n/a
Cantaloupen/an/aJun 25 - Jul 10
Carrotsn/an/aJul 25 - Sep 23
CauliflowerMay 29 - Jul 13Jul 10 - Aug 24n/a
Chardn/an/aJul 10 - Sep 23
CollardsJun 25 - Aug 9Jul 25 - Sep 8n/a
Cornn/an/aJul 10 - Jul 25
Cucumbersn/an/aJul 10 - Jul 25
EggplantsMay 14 - May 29Jun 25 - Jul 10n/a
Garlicn/an/aAug 9 - Sep 23
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkinsn/an/aJun 10 - Jul 10
KaleMay 29 - Jul 13Jul 10 - Aug 24n/a
KohlrabiMay 29 - Jul 13Jul 10 - Aug 24n/a
LettuceJul 25 - Aug 24Aug 24 - Sep 23Aug 24 - Sep 23
Mustardn/an/aAug 24 - Sep 23
Okran/an/aJun 10 - Jul 10
Onionsn/an/aSep 23 - Oct 3
ParsleyJun 10 - Jul 25Jul 25 - Sep 8n/a
Peas (English)n/an/aJul 25 - Aug 24
Peas (Southern)n/an/aJun 10 - Jul 10
Peas (Sugar Snap)n/an/aJul 25 - Aug 24
PeppersMay 19 - Jun 3Jun 30 - Jul 15n/a
Potatoesn/an/aJul 25 - Aug 24
Radishesn/an/aAug 24 - Sep 23
SpinachJul 10 - Aug 24Aug 9 - Sep 23Aug 9 - Sep 23
TomatoesMay 19 - Jun 3Jun 30 - Jul 15n/a
Turnipsn/an/aSep 8 - Oct 8
Watermelonn/an/aJun 10 - Jul 10

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?
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