The Garden Planting Calendar for Cleveland, OH

Your vegetable planning guide for
Cleveland, OH

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 30 and ends Oct 23, totalling 176 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 19, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 20 and then transplant them into the garden around April 10. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around March 1. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 20. Then, around April 26 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 30, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature. Having said that, we note that your location has a shorter than average growing season. Many summer vegetables need more days to mature than your area will provide. For that reason, we recommend you get a head-start by starting these summer vegetables indoors around April 10, and transplant those seedlings out after the danger of frost is past.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Mar 16 - Mar 31 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Apr 30 - May 28
Beets n/a n/a Mar 5 - Mar 19
Broccoli Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Cabbage Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Apr 16 - Apr 30
Carrots n/a n/a Mar 19 - Apr 16
Cauliflower Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Mar 19 - Apr 2
Collards Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Apr 30 - May 14
Cucumbers n/a n/a Apr 30 - May 14
Eggplants Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 30 - May 14 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Apr 30 - May 14
Kale Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Kohlrabi Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Lettuce Feb 20 - Mar 5 Mar 19 - Apr 16 Mar 19 - Apr 16
Mustard Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Apr 30 - May 14
Onions Feb 13 - Feb 20 Mar 1 - Mar 31 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Mar 1 - Mar 31
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Apr 30 - May 28
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Mar 1 - Mar 31
Peppers Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 30 - May 14 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Mar 1 - Mar 31
Radishes n/a n/a Mar 16 - May 14
Spinach Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 2 - Apr 16 Mar 16 - Apr 16
Sweet Potatoes n/a Apr 30 - May 21 n/a
Tomatoes Feb 20 - Mar 5 Apr 30 - May 14 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Apr 30 - May 14

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 23. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 15. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 8, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 14, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 25 and then transplant them into the garden around August 4. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 9.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 10.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jul 10 - Aug 9
Beets n/a n/a Aug 9 - Sep 23
Broccoli May 29 - Jul 13 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Brussel Sprouts May 29 - Jul 13 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Cabbage May 29 - Jul 13 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Jun 25 - Jul 10
Carrots n/a n/a Jul 25 - Sep 23
Cauliflower May 29 - Jul 13 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jul 10 - Sep 23
Collards Jun 25 - Aug 9 Jul 25 - Sep 8 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jul 10 - Jul 25
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jul 10 - Jul 25
Eggplants May 14 - May 29 Jun 25 - Jul 10 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Aug 9 - Sep 23
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jul 10
Kale May 29 - Jul 13 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Kohlrabi May 29 - Jul 13 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Lettuce Jul 25 - Aug 24 Aug 24 - Sep 23 Aug 24 - Sep 23
Mustard n/a n/a Aug 24 - Sep 23
Okra n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jul 10
Onions n/a n/a Sep 23 - Oct 3
Parsley Jun 10 - Jul 25 Jul 25 - Sep 8 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jul 25 - Aug 24
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jul 10
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jul 25 - Aug 24
Peppers May 19 - Jun 3 Jun 30 - Jul 15 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jul 25 - Aug 24
Radishes n/a n/a Aug 24 - Sep 23
Spinach Jul 10 - Aug 24 Aug 9 - Sep 23 Aug 9 - Sep 23
Tomatoes May 19 - Jun 3 Jun 30 - Jul 15 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Sep 8 - Oct 8
Watermelon n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jul 10

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?

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