When to Plant Vegetables in Kelowna, BC

Your vegetable planning guide for
Kelowna, BC

On average, your frost-free growing season starts May 4 and ends Oct 8, totalling 157 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 23, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 24 and then transplant them into the garden around April 14. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around March 5. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 24. Then, around April 30 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around May 4, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature. Having said that, we note that your location has a shorter than average growing season. Many summer vegetables need more days to mature than your area will provide. For that reason, we recommend you get a head-start by starting these summer vegetables indoors around April 14, and transplant those seedlings out after the danger of frost is past.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Mar 20 - Apr 4 n/a
Beans n/a n/a May 4 - Jun 1
Beets n/a n/a Mar 9 - Mar 23
Broccoli Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Cabbage Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Apr 20 - May 4
Carrots n/a n/a Mar 23 - Apr 20
Cauliflower Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Mar 23 - Apr 6
Collards Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Corn n/a n/a May 4 - May 18
Cucumbers n/a n/a May 4 - May 18
Eggplants Feb 24 - Mar 9 May 4 - May 18 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a May 4 - May 18
Kale Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Kohlrabi Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Lettuce Feb 24 - Mar 9 Mar 23 - Apr 20 Mar 23 - Apr 20
Mustard Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 n/a
Okra n/a n/a May 4 - May 18
Onions Feb 17 - Feb 24 Mar 5 - Apr 4 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Mar 5 - Apr 4
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a May 4 - Jun 1
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Mar 5 - Apr 4
Peppers Feb 24 - Mar 9 May 4 - May 18 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Mar 5 - Apr 4
Radishes n/a n/a Mar 20 - May 18
Spinach Feb 24 - Mar 9 Apr 6 - Apr 20 Mar 20 - Apr 20
Sweet Potatoes n/a May 4 - May 25 n/a
Tomatoes Feb 24 - Mar 9 May 4 - May 18 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a May 4 - May 18

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 8. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around June 30. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around August 24, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around July 30, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 10 and then transplant them into the garden around July 20. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around July 25.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around June 25.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jun 25 - Jul 25
Beets n/a n/a Jul 25 - Sep 8
Broccoli May 14 - Jun 28 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Brussel Sprouts May 14 - Jun 28 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Cabbage May 14 - Jun 28 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Jun 10 - Jun 25
Carrots n/a n/a Jul 10 - Sep 8
Cauliflower May 14 - Jun 28 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jun 25 - Sep 8
Collards Jun 10 - Jul 25 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jun 25 - Jul 10
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jun 25 - Jul 10
Eggplants Apr 29 - May 14 Jun 10 - Jun 25 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Jul 25 - Sep 8
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a May 26 - Jun 25
Kale May 14 - Jun 28 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Kohlrabi May 14 - Jun 28 Jun 25 - Aug 9 n/a
Lettuce Jul 10 - Aug 9 Aug 9 - Sep 8 Aug 9 - Sep 8
Mustard n/a n/a Aug 9 - Sep 8
Okra n/a n/a May 26 - Jun 25
Onions n/a n/a Sep 8 - Sep 18
Parsley May 26 - Jul 10 Jul 10 - Aug 24 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jul 10 - Aug 9
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a May 26 - Jun 25
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jul 10 - Aug 9
Peppers May 4 - May 19 Jun 15 - Jun 30 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jul 10 - Aug 9
Radishes n/a n/a Aug 9 - Sep 8
Spinach Jun 25 - Aug 9 Jul 25 - Sep 8 Jul 25 - Sep 8
Tomatoes May 4 - May 19 Jun 15 - Jun 30 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Aug 24 - Sep 23
Watermelon n/a n/a May 26 - Jun 25

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?


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