When to Plant Vegetables in Memphis, TN

Your vegetable planning guide for
Memphis, TN

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Mar 22 and ends Nov 13, totalling 236 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around February 9, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around January 12 and then transplant them into the garden around March 2. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around January 22. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around January 12. Then, around March 18 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around March 22, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Feb 6 - Feb 21 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Mar 22 - Apr 19
Beets n/a n/a Jan 26 - Feb 9
Broccoli Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Cabbage Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Mar 8 - Mar 22
Carrots n/a n/a Feb 9 - Mar 8
Cauliflower Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Feb 9 - Feb 23
Collards Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Mar 22 - Apr 5
Cucumbers n/a n/a Mar 22 - Apr 5
Eggplants Jan 12 - Jan 26 Mar 22 - Apr 5 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Mar 22 - Apr 5
Kale Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Kohlrabi Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Lettuce Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 9 - Mar 8 Feb 9 - Mar 8
Mustard Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Mar 22 - Apr 5
Onions Jan 5 - Jan 12 Jan 22 - Feb 21 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jan 22 - Feb 21
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Mar 22 - Apr 19
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jan 22 - Feb 21
Peppers Jan 12 - Jan 26 Mar 22 - Apr 5 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jan 22 - Feb 21
Radishes n/a n/a Feb 6 - Apr 5
Spinach Jan 12 - Jan 26 Feb 23 - Mar 8 Feb 6 - Mar 8
Sweet Potatoes n/a Mar 22 - Apr 12 n/a
Tomatoes Jan 12 - Jan 26 Mar 22 - Apr 5 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Mar 22 - Apr 5

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around November 13. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around August 5. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 29, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around September 4, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around July 16 and then transplant them into the garden around August 25. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 30.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 31.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jul 31 - Aug 30
Beets n/a n/a Aug 30 - Oct 14
Broccoli Jun 19 - Aug 3 Jul 31 - Sep 14 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Jun 19 - Aug 3 Jul 31 - Sep 14 n/a
Cabbage Jun 19 - Aug 3 Jul 31 - Sep 14 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Jul 16 - Jul 31
Carrots n/a n/a Aug 15 - Oct 14
Cauliflower Jun 19 - Aug 3 Jul 31 - Sep 14 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jul 31 - Oct 14
Collards Jul 16 - Aug 30 Aug 15 - Sep 29 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jul 31 - Aug 15
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jul 31 - Aug 15
Eggplants Jun 4 - Jun 19 Jul 16 - Jul 31 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Aug 30 - Oct 14
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Jul 1 - Jul 31
Kale Jun 19 - Aug 3 Jul 31 - Sep 14 n/a
Kohlrabi Jun 19 - Aug 3 Jul 31 - Sep 14 n/a
Lettuce Aug 15 - Sep 14 Sep 14 - Oct 14 Sep 14 - Oct 14
Mustard n/a n/a Sep 14 - Oct 14
Okra n/a n/a Jul 1 - Jul 31
Onions n/a n/a Oct 14 - Oct 24
Parsley Jul 1 - Aug 15 Aug 15 - Sep 29 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Aug 15 - Sep 14
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Jul 1 - Jul 31
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Aug 15 - Sep 14
Peppers Jun 9 - Jun 24 Jul 21 - Aug 5 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Aug 15 - Sep 14
Radishes n/a n/a Sep 14 - Oct 14
Spinach Jul 31 - Sep 14 Aug 30 - Oct 14 Aug 30 - Oct 14
Tomatoes Jun 9 - Jun 24 Jul 21 - Aug 5 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Sep 29 - Oct 29
Watermelon n/a n/a Jul 1 - Jul 31

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?
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