When to Plant Vegetables in Springfield, MO

Your vegetable planning guide for
Springfield, MO

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Apr 15 and ends Oct 21, totalling 189 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 4, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 5 and then transplant them into the garden around March 26. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around February 15. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around February 5. Then, around April 11 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around April 15, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

CropSow seeds indoorsTransplant seedlings into the gardenDirect sow seeds
Asparagusn/aMar 1 - Mar 16n/a
Beansn/an/aApr 15 - May 13
Beetsn/an/aFeb 19 - Mar 4
BroccoliFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
Brussel SproutsFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
CabbageFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
Cantaloupen/an/aApr 1 - Apr 15
Carrotsn/an/aMar 4 - Apr 1
CauliflowerFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
Chardn/an/aMar 4 - Mar 18
CollardsFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
Cornn/an/aApr 15 - Apr 29
Cucumbersn/an/aApr 15 - Apr 29
EggplantsFeb 5 - Feb 19Apr 15 - Apr 29n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkinsn/an/aApr 15 - Apr 29
KaleFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
KohlrabiFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
LettuceFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 4 - Apr 1Mar 4 - Apr 1
MustardFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1n/a
Okran/an/aApr 15 - Apr 29
OnionsJan 29 - Feb 5Feb 15 - Mar 16n/a
Peas (English)n/an/aFeb 15 - Mar 16
Peas (Southern)n/an/aApr 15 - May 13
Peas (Sugar Snap)n/an/aFeb 15 - Mar 16
PeppersFeb 5 - Feb 19Apr 15 - Apr 29n/a
Potatoesn/an/aFeb 15 - Mar 16
Radishesn/an/aMar 1 - Apr 29
SpinachFeb 5 - Feb 19Mar 18 - Apr 1Mar 1 - Apr 1
Sweet Potatoesn/aApr 15 - May 6n/a
TomatoesFeb 5 - Feb 19Apr 15 - Apr 29n/a
Watermelonn/an/aApr 15 - Apr 29

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around October 21. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 13. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 6, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 12, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around June 23 and then transplant them into the garden around August 2. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 7.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 8.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

CropSow seeds indoorsTransplant seedlings into the gardenDirect sow seeds
Beansn/an/aJul 8 - Aug 7
Beetsn/an/aAug 7 - Sep 21
BroccoliMay 27 - Jul 11Jul 8 - Aug 22n/a
Brussel SproutsMay 27 - Jul 11Jul 8 - Aug 22n/a
CabbageMay 27 - Jul 11Jul 8 - Aug 22n/a
Cantaloupen/an/aJun 23 - Jul 8
Carrotsn/an/aJul 23 - Sep 21
CauliflowerMay 27 - Jul 11Jul 8 - Aug 22n/a
Chardn/an/aJul 8 - Sep 21
CollardsJun 23 - Aug 7Jul 23 - Sep 6n/a
Cornn/an/aJul 8 - Jul 23
Cucumbersn/an/aJul 8 - Jul 23
EggplantsMay 12 - May 27Jun 23 - Jul 8n/a
Garlicn/an/aAug 7 - Sep 21
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkinsn/an/aJun 8 - Jul 8
KaleMay 27 - Jul 11Jul 8 - Aug 22n/a
KohlrabiMay 27 - Jul 11Jul 8 - Aug 22n/a
LettuceJul 23 - Aug 22Aug 22 - Sep 21Aug 22 - Sep 21
Mustardn/an/aAug 22 - Sep 21
Okran/an/aJun 8 - Jul 8
Onionsn/an/aSep 21 - Oct 1
ParsleyJun 8 - Jul 23Jul 23 - Sep 6n/a
Peas (English)n/an/aJul 23 - Aug 22
Peas (Southern)n/an/aJun 8 - Jul 8
Peas (Sugar Snap)n/an/aJul 23 - Aug 22
PeppersMay 17 - Jun 1Jun 28 - Jul 13n/a
Potatoesn/an/aJul 23 - Aug 22
Radishesn/an/aAug 22 - Sep 21
SpinachJul 8 - Aug 22Aug 7 - Sep 21Aug 7 - Sep 21
TomatoesMay 17 - Jun 1Jun 28 - Jul 13n/a
Turnipsn/an/aSep 6 - Oct 6
Watermelonn/an/aJun 8 - Jul 8

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?
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