When to Plant Vegetables in Vancouver, BC

Your vegetable planning guide for
Vancouver, BC

On average, your frost-free growing season starts Mar 28 and ends Nov 5, totalling 222 days. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page.

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For the Spring:
Your planting strategy:
Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around February 15, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around January 18 and then transplant them into the garden around March 8. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Plant onion starts and potatoes around January 28. Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws.

Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? Start these indoors around January 18. Then, around March 24 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground.

Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around March 28, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Asparagus n/a Feb 12 - Feb 27 n/a
Beans n/a n/a Mar 28 - Apr 25
Beets n/a n/a Feb 1 - Feb 15
Broccoli Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Cabbage Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Mar 14 - Mar 28
Carrots n/a n/a Feb 15 - Mar 14
Cauliflower Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Feb 15 - Feb 29
Collards Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Mar 28 - Apr 11
Cucumbers n/a n/a Mar 28 - Apr 11
Eggplants Jan 18 - Feb 1 Mar 28 - Apr 11 n/a
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Mar 28 - Apr 11
Kale Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Kohlrabi Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Lettuce Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 15 - Mar 14 Feb 15 - Mar 14
Mustard Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 n/a
Okra n/a n/a Mar 28 - Apr 11
Onions Jan 11 - Jan 18 Jan 28 - Feb 27 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Jan 28 - Feb 27
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Mar 28 - Apr 25
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Jan 28 - Feb 27
Peppers Jan 18 - Feb 1 Mar 28 - Apr 11 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Jan 28 - Feb 27
Radishes n/a n/a Feb 12 - Apr 11
Spinach Jan 18 - Feb 1 Feb 29 - Mar 14 Feb 12 - Mar 14
Sweet Potatoes n/a Mar 28 - Apr 18 n/a
Tomatoes Jan 18 - Feb 1 Mar 28 - Apr 11 n/a
Watermelon n/a n/a Mar 28 - Apr 11

For the Fall:
Your fall planting strategy:
Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested before the winter frosts begin, around November 5. This means you need to consider how much time each variety needs between planting and picking. Those numbers vary widely between different varieties of the same kinds of plants! Usually the "Days to Harvest" are present on the seed packet.

Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 28. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Good luck and good gardening to you.

Fall is the time to plant garlic. Around September 21, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. This may not be accurate! Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic.

Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 27, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around July 8 and then transplant them into the garden around August 17. Do the same with lettuce and spinach.

Sow peas directly around August 22.

Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 23.

Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants:

Crop Sow seeds indoors Transplant seedlings into the garden Direct sow seeds
Beans n/a n/a Jul 23 - Aug 22
Beets n/a n/a Aug 22 - Oct 6
Broccoli Jun 11 - Jul 26 Jul 23 - Sep 6 n/a
Brussel Sprouts Jun 11 - Jul 26 Jul 23 - Sep 6 n/a
Cabbage Jun 11 - Jul 26 Jul 23 - Sep 6 n/a
Cantaloupe n/a n/a Jul 8 - Jul 23
Carrots n/a n/a Aug 7 - Oct 6
Cauliflower Jun 11 - Jul 26 Jul 23 - Sep 6 n/a
Chard n/a n/a Jul 23 - Oct 6
Collards Jul 8 - Aug 22 Aug 7 - Sep 21 n/a
Corn n/a n/a Jul 23 - Aug 7
Cucumbers n/a n/a Jul 23 - Aug 7
Eggplants May 27 - Jun 11 Jul 8 - Jul 23 n/a
Garlic n/a n/a Aug 22 - Oct 6
Gourds, Squash and Pumpkins n/a n/a Jun 23 - Jul 23
Kale Jun 11 - Jul 26 Jul 23 - Sep 6 n/a
Kohlrabi Jun 11 - Jul 26 Jul 23 - Sep 6 n/a
Lettuce Aug 7 - Sep 6 Sep 6 - Oct 6 Sep 6 - Oct 6
Mustard n/a n/a Sep 6 - Oct 6
Okra n/a n/a Jun 23 - Jul 23
Onions n/a n/a Oct 6 - Oct 16
Parsley Jun 23 - Aug 7 Aug 7 - Sep 21 n/a
Peas (English) n/a n/a Aug 7 - Sep 6
Peas (Southern) n/a n/a Jun 23 - Jul 23
Peas (Sugar Snap) n/a n/a Aug 7 - Sep 6
Peppers Jun 1 - Jun 16 Jul 13 - Jul 28 n/a
Potatoes n/a n/a Aug 7 - Sep 6
Radishes n/a n/a Sep 6 - Oct 6
Spinach Jul 23 - Sep 6 Aug 22 - Oct 6 Aug 22 - Oct 6
Tomatoes Jun 1 - Jun 16 Jul 13 - Jul 28 n/a
Turnips n/a n/a Sep 21 - Oct 21
Watermelon n/a n/a Jun 23 - Jul 23

How accurate is all this? For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. There are, however, some difficult areas of the world that don't match up perfectly with the dates we have given. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location.

Did you find this useful? Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent food gardening guide?


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