zip 85022 - garlic and onions - Knowledgebase Question

Name: Beth Marks
phoenix, Ar
Question by bmarks03
September 22, 2010
how and when should I plant garlic and onions. I bought 2 whole garlics and 60 onion bulbs, but have no idea when/how to plant them, when to harvest them and what the harvest time is. Thanks, Beth


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Answer from NGA
September 22, 2010

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We plant our garlic in the fall, from last week in September to mid-October, This allows for good root development before the weather gets cold. Here's how: Separate the bulb into cloves a few days before planting. Plant garlic cloves root down about 3-4 inches deep, and about 6 inches apart. Fertilize in April with a good 12-12-12 fertilizer. In June, a scape will form, this should be removed to allow for better bulb growth. The garlic is ready to be harvested when 2/3rds of the leaves are brown (in July). Allow bulbs to dry in a cool, dry place. Tops may be cut off after 2 weeks of drying and before storing your garlic.

Onion culture is the same. You can harvest the onions early in the season to use as scallions/green onions or you can allow them to develop fully. When the tops of the onions turn yellow they will be ready for harvest as explained above. Enjoy!

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