Alkaline Soil In Lawn And Garden - Knowledgebase Question

Wingdale, NY
Avatar for Palinkasr
Question by Palinkasr
March 18, 2000
My home is built on top of a limestone ridge,I found this out by looking at the geological maps at my local town hall, and used to be a corn field before developers came in and purchased the farm and built a subdivision which I now live in.It became apparent before to long that the topsoil was scraped off during construction and was used elsewhere.I purchased
a ph test kit and checked my lawn and garden in several locations finding ph's as high as 7.6 to 7.8 it's difficult to determine exactly but it's up there.What is the ideal chemical to use to reduce the ph levels. I can't afford to truck in new topsoil so I have to work with what Iv'e got.Some books refer to aluminum sulfate or ferrous sulfate. I have a source of supply for both of these but am not sure which one would be better to use or how to apply them.
Can you help?

Answer from NGA
March 18, 2000
There are several aspects to consider in answering your question. First off, lawn (and other plants) will not grow well in a thin or poor soil lacking humus regardless of pH, so you may want to consider improving the soil in terms of adding organic matter and actually building your own top soil in the process.

You will also certainly want to correct the pH to within an acceptable range, and this will be accomplished through adding organic matter which tends to buffer the pH, as well as through possibly adding an acidifier. The amount to use in total would be determined based on the type of soil (eg clay or loam or sandy) you have, how far you want to change the pH and which material you use; in general if there is already a lawn in place you need ot adjust it gradually to avoid shocking or even burning the plants. You may also find that the pH drifts lower on its own over time due to our acidic rainfall just as the excess lime may be leached out of it by rain.

I would suggest you consult with your county extension (677-8223) about the soil on your property and ask their suggestions about dealing with the pH as well as their suggestions on which varieties of grass seed to use in view of the soil conditions you have. The specific type of grass can make a big difference in the degree of lattitude you will have in adjusting the soil and in ongoing maintenance considerations.

You might also want to take a look at a basic lawn care book or two, one I particularly like for its no-nonsense approach is "Lawn Care for Dummies" by Lance Walheim, ISBN0-7645-5077-2, Dummy Press. Good luck with your new lawn!

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