Transplanting Bearded Iris - Knowledgebase Question

Fayetteville, NC
Question by bshe031999
April 23, 2000
I have 3 different locations in my yard that I have planted Iris. 1 is doing pretty good, 1 is OK with just acouple blooming and the 1 that is in full sun is doing terrible. The spot with the most shade are beautiful. I want to transplant the ones in full sun, in our back yard, where it gets alot of shade. Some sun, but mostly shade. Is it OK to dig them up now & transplant to the back yard? Also, do I cut the leaves after I transplant them to about 6" above the dirt? I want to thin them out in all locations. Do I just dig up the clumps and divide them up and replant them and cut back the leaves. As you can tell I don't know much about gardening. Anyone help me with this?

Answer from NGA
April 23, 2000


Basically, you are on track with your procedure. Be sure to plant them no deeper than they grew before, because planting too deeply will cause them to rot. It is usually better to replant the largest of the new sections of rhizome because they are more vigorous. Also, dispose of any that show signs of borer or other problems. Trim the healthy foliage to about six inches and remove any that is discolored.

Bearded iris need to be divided about every three years to keep them vigorous and blooming their best. Traditionally, they are lifted and divided and replanted in mid summer after they have bloomed. Moving them in early spring will work, but it usually sacrifices the blooms that year.

They should be replanted into a good rich soil that is well drained and has a pH near neutral. They also prefer a location in full sun, so I am surprised your shaded iris are blooming the best. Perhaps the other clumps are in exhausted soil or are badly in need of thinning or are in a spot with poor drainage or have some other type of problem and this would explain the poor performance.

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