Rust Color On Alberta Spruce Trees - Knowledgebase Question

Huntingdon Valley, PA
Avatar for 703232106
Question by 703232106
April 25, 2002
This spring, I noticed that the tops of some of my Alberta Spruce trees from Monrovia were turning a rust color. My arborist inspected the trees and noticed a string around the trunk of each of the trees in question. Over time, the string was apparently cutting into the trunk and causing a fungus, thus causing the rust color. It appears that when the landscaper installed these trees approximately 6 years ago, he removed the cardboard part of the Monrovia label but left the string on. The trees (of which I have about 20) are approximately 6 feet tall and about 6 of them have turned this rust color. Have you ever heard of this problem before? It appears that the strings do not disintegrate with time. Also, is there a way to save the trees at this point? Thanks for your help.

Answer from NGA
April 25, 2002
This is truly unfortunate. Also, it is very difficult to develop an opinion long distance, so here are some considerations to keep in mind while you try to evaluate the trees.

Standard planting practice is to remove all wrappings, burlap, twine, containers, anything that could become binding on the plant as it grows, at planting time.
Occasionally labels are left on temporarily for informational purposes but these should then be removed by the ongoing caregiver before they could bind. Similarly, any staking materials would also need to be removed before they could constrict growth and should never be tight enough to cause damage to the bark as the damage may only become evident many years later.

The roots should also be directed outward from the root ball at planting time to encourage them to grow beyond the planting hole and into the surrounding native soil. If the roots fail to do this, you might see browning later on due to the roots growing in a constricting circular pattern underground.

There are also numerous possible pests and diseases as well as different apsects of the cultural conditions (too wet, too dry, heavy clay soil, etc. ) that could cause the same symptoms.

Having said that, I am not clear on the connection between a fungal infection and constricted circulation within the tree; in my experience these would be two distinct problems.

I think you might want to get a second opinion as to the cause of the browning since these trees are subject to a number of pest and disease problems that could cause browning. A professionally trained and certified, well informed arborist who is familiar with ornamental trees should be better able to advise you as to the long term prognosis of the trees based on the on-site inspection.

Also, your county extension may be able to help with the specific diagnosis of the problem(s) and also have suggestions as to what you might want to do next.

I'm really sorry about the trees.

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