Deer Resistant - Knowledgebase Question

Novato, CA
Question by daffreeman
October 19, 2005
How can I tell which of your plants are deer resistant?


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Answer from NGA
October 19, 2005

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Here's a list of plants deer do not usually bother, but keep in mind that hungry deer will eat almost anything, so your mileage may vary. What deer eat depends upon what else is available, and what the competition is in the neighborhood. With that said, here's the list: Trees Not Favored by Deer Ash (Fraxinus); Beech (Fagus); Birch (Betula);Chestnut (Castanea); Cypress; Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia); Ginkgo; Hemlock (Tsuga); Locust, black (Robinia) Locust& honey Locust; Mimosa/Silktree (Albizia); Redbud (Cercis); Sassafras (Sassafras); Smoketree (Cotinus); Sourwood (Oxydendron); Sweet Gum (Liquidambar); Spruce (Picea); Tree Lilac (Syringa reticulata); Tuliptree (Liriodendron). Shrubs Not Favored By Deer: Barberry (Berberis); Boxwood(Buxus); Forsythia (Forsythia); Juniper (Juniperus); Kerria (Kerria); Lilac (Syringa); Oregon-Grape (Mahonia); Smoke bush (Cotinus); Spirea (Spiraea); Witchhazel (Hamamelis); Groundcovers Not Favored By Deer: Ajuga; Barren Strawberry (Waldsteinia); Bergenia (Bergenia); Bunchberry (Cornus); Catmint (Nepeta); Epimedium (Epimedium); Ferns (various species); Ginger (Asarum); Indian Strawberry (Duchesnea); Juniper Juniperus); Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla); Lamium (Lamium); Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria); Lily Turf (Liriope spicata); Lungwort (Pulmonaria); Pachysandra (Pachysandra); Potentilla (Potentilla); Sedum (Sedum); Sempervivum (Sempervivum); Snow-in-Summer (Cerastiun); Sweet Woodruff (Asperula); Vinca (Vinca); Violet (Viola); Wild Strawberry (Fragaria); Willow (Salix) Deer-Resistant Annuals and Biennials African Daisy; Ageratum (Ageratum); Alyssum (Lobularia); Campanula (Campanula); Candytuft (Iberis); Forget-me-not (Myosotis); Four o'clock (Mirabilis); Foxglove (Digitalis); Heliotrope (Heliotropium); Larkspur (Delphinium); Lobelia (Lobelia); Marigold (Tagetes); Mimulus (Mimulus); Morning Glory (Ipomoea); Moonflower (Ipomoea); Nasturtium (Tropaeolum); Petunia (Petunia); Poppy (Papaver); Salvia (Salvia); Snapdragon (Antirrhinum); Stocks (Matthiola); Sunflower (Helianthus); Sweet William (Dianthus); Thistle (Cirsium); Tithonia (Tithonia) Deer-Resistant Hardy Perennials Alyssum (Lobularia); Anemone (Anemone); Artemisia Artemisia lactiflora); Astilbe (Astilbe); Bee Balm (Monarda); Bergenia (Bergenia); Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia); Butterfly Weed (Asclepias); Columbine (Aquilegia); Coreopsis (Coreopsis); Crane's Bill (Geranium); Cyclamen (Cyclamen); Daisy (Chrysanthemum); Dame's Rocket (Hesperis); Fleabane Daisy (Erigeron); Foam Flower (Tiarella); Gentian (Gentiana); Geum (Geum); Goldenrod (Solidago); Hellebore (Helleborus); Iris (Iris); Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium); Loosestrife (Lythrum); Lychnis (Lychnis); Lythrum (Lythrum); Marsh Marigold (Caltha); Meadow Rue (Thalictrum); Meadow Sweet (Filipendula hexapetala);Peony (Paeonia); Phlox (Phlox); Pinks (Dianthus); Purple Coneflower (Echinacea); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Salvia (Salvia); Sedum (Sedum); Sempervivum (Sempervivum); Snakeroot (Eupatorium); Sneezeweed (Helenium); Snow-in-Summer (Cerastiun); Soapwort (Saponaria); Toadflax (Linaria); Valerian (Valeriana); Veronica (Veronica); Violet (Viola); Yarrow (Achillea); Yucca (Yucca). Best wishes with your garden!

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