LUSH GREEN GRASS - Knowledgebase Question

Indian Springs, AL (Zone 7B)
Question by traceyevank
February 9, 2006
I live in a storybook looking neighborhood where everyone takes much pride in their lawns and flowers. I get complimented on my beautiful flower gardens and vegetable gardens but I cannot get my grass to get full and green. My lawn is patchy and does not turn to a nice green like some of the neighbors that get sprayed from the chemical companies. I do not have money in my budget to hire a company. What can I do to make my grass green and full and get compliments like I do for the flowers and veges??
I live in Alabama in the central zone It is February now and I want to know what to do soon....everyone is getting their spring spraying. YIKES

Answer from NGA
February 9, 2006



You did not mention which type of grass you have in your lawn. I suspect it is either St. Augustine, bermuda or zoysia. If so here is an answer. If not please submit another question with more detail.

Good lawn care can be summarized in three cultural practices: mowing, watering and fertilizing. If you will do these three properly, your lawn will be the best on the block!

Frequent mowing is better than infrequent mowing. Mow on a 5-7 day schedule, removing no more than 1/3 of the leaf blade with each mowing. For example, a St. Augustine turf should be mowed to 2 1/2" when it reaches 3", while a semi-dwarf bermuda or zoysia would be mowed to 1 1/2 or 2" when it reached 2 or 2 1/2".
While many homeowners like to water 15 minutes a day, your turf will benefit from a good soaking applied less often. Apply 1/2 to 1 inch of water once or twice a week. A coffee can makes a good rain gauge to test out how long it will need to be run to apply an inch. Frequent wetting promotes disease problems and a shallow rooted turf. Let the soil dry out a bit between waterings and the grass will develop a deep root system and do much better.

Fertilize with no more than 1/2 to 1 pound of nitrogen in spring after you have mowed the grass twice, and again in fall (around late October). Apply a product with a 3-1-2 ratio of nutrients as this is roughly the ratio of nutrients grass takes in. So, for example, if you purchased a 15-5-10 fertilizer (15% nitrogen), you would apply about 7 pounds per 1000 square feet (1 pound / .15 = about 7). If you purchased a 21-7-14 fertilizer (21 % nitrogen), you would apply about 5 pounds per 1000 square feet (1 pound / .21 = about 5).

Healthy turf will choke out most of its weed problems. When the turf is thin and soil is exposed to the sunlight, weeds will sprout and you have a battle on your hands. So first concentrate on the above 3 cultural practices and you will be amazed at the results.

Thanks for the question. Please stop in again soon!

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