deer resistant plants. - Knowledgebase Question

Three Oaks, MI
Avatar for stella730
Question by stella730
September 6, 2006
Have problem with deer eating many of the plants in our garden. Have become quite discouraged with gardening due to this problem.

Answer from NGA
September 6, 2006
Deer-resistant plants are the ideal solution; but, unfortunately, few plants are fully deer proof. Many species that are unattractive to deer when other browse is plentiful become deer candy when food is in short supply. The combination of heat and summer droughts almost invariably make late summer and fall a particularly trying time for deer-plagued areas.

With that said, here's a list of plants not favored by deer:
Small Trees or Large Shrubs
Desert Willow (Chilopsis linearis)
Fig (Ficus spp.)
Flameleaf Sumac (Rhus lanceolata)
Mountain Laurel (Sophora secundiflora)
Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii)
Texas Buckeye (Acsculus arguta)

Abelia (Abelia spp.)
Acuba (Acuba japonica)
Agarita (Berberis trifoliolata)
Autumn Aster (Aster spp.)
Autumn Sage (Salvia greggii)
Blackberry (Rubus spp.) (thorny only)
Boxwood (Buxus microphylla)
Ceniza/Texas Sage (Leucophyllum spp.)
Cotoneaster (Coral Beauty) (Cotoneaster dammeri)
Dwarf Chinese Holly (Ixex cornuta)
Dwarf Yaupon (Ilex vomitoria)
Eleagnus (Eleagnus spp.)
Evergreen sumac (Rhus virens)
Fragrant mimosa (Mimosa borealis)
Germander (Teucrium spp.)
Goldcup (Hypericum spp.)
Japanese arealia (Arelia sieboldii)
Jerusalem Cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicum)
Juniper (Juniperus spp.)
Lantana (Lantana horrida) (natives resistant, hybrids not)
Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
Mexican Buckeye (Ungnadia speciosa)
Mexican Oregano (Poliomintha longifolia)
Mexican silktassle (Garrya lindheimeri)
Nandina (Nandina spp.)
Oleander (Nerium oleander)
Pampas Grass (Cortaderia spp.)
Pyracantha (Pyracantha coccinea)
Red-leaf or Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii)
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
Scotch Broom (Cytisus scoparius)
Turks cap (Malvaviscus arboreus)
Wax myrtle (Myrica cerifera)
Perennial Succulents and Lilies
Cacus (opuntia spp.) any with stout spines1
Hen and chickens (Sempervivum spp.) (spiny varieties)
Lily of the Nile (Agapanthus spp.)
Red Yucca (Hesperalae parvifloria) --flowers eaten
Sacahuista/Bear Grass/Nolina (Nolina spp.)
Sotol (Dasylirion spp.)
Yucca (Yucca spp.)
Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens)
Star Jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides)

Ground Covers
Aarons Beard (Hypericum calycinum)
Asiatic Jasmine (Trachelospermum asiaticum)
Carpet Bugle (Aiuga reptans)
Monkey grass (Ophiopogon japonica)
Myrtle (Vinca major)
Santolina (Santolina spp.)
Spearmint (Menta spicata)
Thyme (Thymus spp.)

Flowers, Ferns, Herbs
Ageratum (Ageratum spp.)
Begonia (Begonia spp.)
Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
Blackfoot Daisy (Melampodium lecanthum)
Bluebonnet (Lupinus texensis)
Cast-Iron Plant (Aspidistra lurida)
Cedar Sage (Salvia roemeriana)
Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum spp.)
Coreopsis (Coreopsis spp.)
Cosmos (Cosmos bipinnatus)
Dusty Miller (Senecio cineraria)
Flame Acanthus (Anisacanthus wrightii)
Foxglove (Digitalis spp.)
Holly Fern (Cyrtomium falicatum)
Indigo Spires (Salvia spp.)
Iris (Iris spp.)
Mealy Blue Sage (Salvia farinacea)
Mexican Bush Sage (Salvia leucanthia)
Mexican Mint Marigold (Tagetes spp.)
Periwinkle (Vinca rosea)
Purple Cone Flower (Echinacea angustifolia)
Savory (Satureia spp.)
Sword Fern (Nephrolepis spp.)
Verbena (Verbena spp.)
Wood Fern (Dryopteris spp.)
Yarrow (Achillea filipendulina)
Zexmenia (Zexmenia hispida)
Zinnia (Zinnia spp.)

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