Problem with Azalea - Knowledgebase Question

Resaca, ga
Avatar for besterl
Question by besterl
April 13, 2007
My azaleas have started out with a gray covering on the rocks in the flowerbed around them. It would look like a smoky or burn color as if the rocks had been burned in a fire. Then the bushes slowly lose their leaves and eventually die. This started with one bush and over a long time a year or more it is now going to other bushes. What can I do? Thanks for your help. The gardner didn't even know what it was.

Answer from NGA
April 13, 2007
What you describe sounds like sooty mold and indicates that your azaleas have some sort of pest feeding on them. Aphids, scale insects, mealybugs and others feed on the fluids inside plant tissues. They suck up the fluid and eliminate the excess, which is sticky (called honeydew). As this sticky fluid ages it attracts fungal spores which turns it black. If it sticks to leaves, it looks shiny and black but can be easily scraped or washed off the leaves. So, the problem is not with the black sooty mold but with the insects causing it. Carefully inspect the undersides of the leaves of your plants, and the areas where the leaves meet the stems. I think you'll find some pests. Once you've identified the critters you can use the proper insecticide to control them - and to save your plants.

Best wishes with your azaleas!

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