Pruning and Care - Knowledgebase Question

norman, OK
Question by moodypeter
April 17, 2007
I was just wondering on the time to prune roses and the proper way to care for them. I also would like to know how to care for pecan tree's and coconut trees. Thank you for your time and speedy response.


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Answer from NGA
April 17, 2007

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Roses do best in a location with full sun all day long or for at least half the day. It should also be a spot with good air circulation. They need soil that is evenly moist yet well drained, meaning not saturated and not dried out. Using a year round organic mulch is helpful as it keeps down weeds, reduces watering needs, and feeds the soil as it breaks down over time.

Pruning depends on the specific type of rose you have. In general, remove any dead or dying canes, damages canes, and diseased canes. Then open the center of the bush to light and air. Hybrid tea roses are also trimmed back quite hard in early spring to remove any winter damage and to encourage larger flowers. Low maintenance landscape roses are also pruned in early spring, simply cut them back by about half.

Roses can be topdressed with compost several times a year and you may fertilize with a general purpose or slow release granular fertilizer per the label directions beginning in the spring. Do not fertilize after August.

It is a good idea to plant roses that are specifically considered to be disease resistant. Pest are controlled on an as needed basis. If you see a problem developing, contact us or your local county extension and identify the problem, then based on knowing that decide how to proceed.

If you have a pecan orchard, I would suggest you work with your local Oklahoma State extension to develop a care and maintenance plan for the trees. They have done a lot of research on pecans.

Coconut palms are tropical trees. Here is a link to some information about these trees. You may need to cut and paste the complete url into your browser.

http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/MG043

If you are growing a palm as a houseplant, care would depend on what specific kind of palm you have.



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