Shade/Deer Resistant Gardening - Knowledgebase Question

Loveland, OH
Question by pzdrojewski
April 29, 2007
The back of my house and patio are in partial to full shade, visited regularly by deer, and have clay-like soil. I'm looking for some shrubs to camoflauge the house exterior wall and underneath deck area (along lattice). Also looking for mixture of lower growing shrubs, plants, flowers for planting around the cement patio. Any suggestions would be appreciated...thank you!


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Answer from NGA
April 29, 2007

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Shady spots can be difficult to landscape in, especially if you have color in mind.
With that said, here's a list of plants that should do well in the site:
Annuals
Begonia x semperflorens-cultorum - Wax Begonia -
Browallia speciosa - Browallia -
Coleus x hybridus - Coleus - (average to dry soils)
Cosmos bipinnatus - Cosmos - (average to dry soils)
Digitalis purpurea - Annual Foxglove -
Fragaria vesca - Alpine Strawberry -
Impatiens balsamina - Garden Balsam -
Impatiens wallerana - Impatiens -
Lobelia erinus - Lobelia -
Lobularia maritima - Sweet Alyssum -
Lunaria annua - Money Plant -
Lupinus hybrids - Annual Lupines -
Malcomia maritima - Virginia Stock -
Mimulus hybrids - Monkey Flower - (good in wet soils)
Nemophila menziesii - Baby-blue-eyes -
Nicotiana alata - Flowering Tobacco -
Nierembergia hippomanica var. violacea - Cupflower -
Oenothera deltoides - Evening Primrose -
Pelargonium x domesticum - Martha Washington Geranium - (average to dry soils)
Reseda odorata - Mignonette -
Rudbeckia hirta 'Gloriosa' - Gloriosa Daisy - (average to dry soils)
Thunbergia alata - Black-eyed Susan Vine - (moist soils)
Torenia fournieri - Wishbone Flower - (good in wet soils)
Viola x wittrockiana - Pansy -
Perennials
Aconitum spp. - Monkshood -
Adiantum pedatum - Northern Maidenhair Fern -
Aegopodium podagraris - Goutweed - (may be invasive)
Ajuga reptans - Bugleweed -
Alchemilla vulgaris - Lady's Mantle -
Anchusa azurea - Italian Bugloss -
Anemone spp. - Anemone - (rich soils)
Aquilegia spp. and hybrids - Columbine -
Aruncus dioicus - Goatsbeard -
Asarum europaeum - European Wild Ginger - (rich soils)
Aspelnium platyneuron - Ebony Spleenwort - (alkaline soils)
Asplenium trichomanes - Maidenhair Spleenwort - (alkaline soils)
Astilbe spp. - Astilbe - (rich soils)
Athyrium spp. - Lady Fern, Japanese Painted Fern - (moist to wet soils)
Bergenia spp. and hybrids - Bergenia -
Botrychium spp. - Grape Fern - (neutral soils)
Brunnera macrophylla - Siberian Bugloss - (rich soils)
Campanula spp. - Bellflower -
Camptosorus rhizophyllus - Walking Fern - (alkaline, wet soils)
Cheilanthes spp. - Lip Fern, Lace Fern - (dry to moist soils)
Chelone lyonii - Turtlehead - (moist soils)
Chrysogonum virginianum - Goldstar -
Cimicifuga racemosa - Black Cohosh -
Cimicifuga simplex - Bugbane -
Convallaria majalis - Lily-of-the-Valley -
Cryptogramma crispa - American Rock Brake -
Cystopteris spp. - Bladder Ferns - (dry to moist soils)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula - Hay-Scented Fern -
Dicentra spp. - Bleeding Heart -
Digitalis spp - Foxglove -
Disporum lanuginosum - Fairy-Bells - (dry soils)
Doronicum cordatum - Leopard's Bane -
Dryopteris spp. - Ferns -
Epimedium spp. - Epimedium -
Equisetum spp. - Horsetails - (neutral, moist to wet soils)
Filipendula spp. - Dropwort - (wet soils)
Galium odoratum - Sweet Woodruff -
Geranium spp. - Cranesbill -
Helleborus spp. - Hellebore - (neutral to alkaline soils)
Hosta spp. - Hosta -
Heuchera sanguinea - Coralbells -
Ligularia spp. - Ragwort - (rich, wet soils)
Liriope spicata - Creeping Lilyturf -
Lobelia cardinalis - Cardinal Flower -
Lysimachia punctata - Loosestrife - (moist to wet soils)
Marsilea quadrifolia - Water Clover Fern - (wet soils)
Matteuccia struthiopteris - Ostrich Fern - (moist to wet soils)
Mertensia virginica - Virginia Bluebells -
Onoclea sensibilis - Sensitive Fern - (neutral, wet soils)
Osmunda cinnamomea -Cinnamon Fern - (moist to wet soil)
Pellaea spp. - Brakes - (alkaline to neutral, moist to wet soils)
Phyllitis scolopendrium - Hart's-tongue - (alkaline soils)
Physostegia virginiana - Obedience Plant -
Polemonium caeruleum - Jacob's-ladder -
Polygonatum spp. - Solomon's Seal -
Polygonum capitatum - Knotweed -
Polypodium glycyrrhiza - Licorice Fern -
Polypodium vulgare - Common Polypody -
Polystichum acrostichoides - Christmas Fern -
Primula spp. - Primrose - (rich soils)
Pteridium aquilinum - Bracken Fern -
Pulmonaria angustifolia - Lungwort -
Smilacina racemosa - False Solomon's Seal -
Thalictrum spp. - Meadow Rue -
Tricyrtis hirta - Toad Lily -

As far as being deer resistant, the best choices would be plants native to your region (deer tend to ignore them and go on to more exotic plants). Here are a few suggestions:
Acer spicatum (mountain maple; Amelanchier arborea (serviceberry; Amelanchier laevis (serviceberry); Asimina triloba (pawpaw); Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam); Cercis canadensis (Eastern Redbud); Chionanthus virginicus (Fringe Tree); Cornus alternifolia (pagoda dogwood); Malus coronaria (American crabapple); Ostrya virginiana (American hophorn-beam); Oxydendrum arboreum (sourwood); Prunus virginiana (chokecherry).

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