beefsteak tomatoes are not maturing - Knowledgebase Question

west sacramento, C
Question by zanny
June 23, 2007
My beefsteak tomatoes have big brown spots on the bottom and are not growing big like there supposed too, there pretty small. What can I do to help them grow better, and why do they have brown spots on them?


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Answer from NGA
June 23, 2007

0

Your tomatoes have "blossom end rot", a physiological condition caused by a lack of calcium at the growing tip of the fruit. While your soil may have adequate calcium, fluctuations in soil moisture content from dry to wet really increase the incidence of blossom end rot. It is especially bad on the early fruit each summer and in sandy soils. The damage occurs as cells die at the tip of the fruit. In time (and as the fruit grows) the spots enlarge and turn black. So, by the time you see it, the damage actually has already occurred some time back. Remedies include having a soil test to make sure calcium levels are adequate, adding organic matter to a sandy soil to increase its moisture holding capacity, keeping plants evenly moist, especially during the development of the first fruits (mulch helps maintain soil moisture), and spraying plants with a Blossom End Rot spray (contains calcium) which can usually be purchased from your local garden center.

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