Deer Resistant Plants - Knowledgebase Question

Pacific Grove, CA (Zone 8B)
Question by lpagan
June 28, 2007
We live in the Monterey Bay area of California, three blocks from the bay, with mild climates, fog, lots of shade, and lots of deer. What can we plant that the deer won't eat, and is there a SAFE deer repellent?


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Answer from NGA
June 28, 2007

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There are a number of plants that deer do not necessarily like, but your mileage may vary, depending upon deer population and the competition for food. With that said, the following plants are generally left alone by deer:
Agapanthus africanus Blue Lily-of-the-Nile
Aloe spp.
Aquilegia spp. Columbine
Artemisia tridentata
Arundo donax Giant Reed
Delphinium spp. Larkspur
Digitalis spp. (Foxglove)
Echium fastuosum Pride of Madeira
Helleborus spp.
Iris spp.
Kniphofia uvaria Devil's Poker, Red-hot Poker
Leucojum spp. Snowflake
Lupines spp.
Narcissus spp.
Nolina parryi
Oxalis oregana Oxalis, Redwood Sorrel
Pediocactus spp. Hedgehog Thistle
Phormium tenax New Zealand Flax
Romneya coulteri Matilija Poppy
Rosmarinus of ficinalis Rosemary
Trillium spp.
Tulipa spp.
Zantedeschia spp. Calla Lily

Shrubs

Berberis spp. Common Barberry,
Buxus sempervirens Common Boxwood
Calyeanthus occidentalis Western Spice Bush
Celastrus scandens American Bittersweet
Chamaerops humilis European Fan Palm
Choisya ternata Mexican Orange
Coprosma repens Mirror Shrub
Cornus stolonifera Red Osier Dogwood
Correa spp. Australian Fuchsia
Cotinus coggygria Smoke Tree
Daphne spp.
Enkianthus campanulatus Redvein Enkianthus
Forsythia spp.
Hakea suaveolens Sweet Hakea
Ilex spp. Holly
Jasminum spp.
Juniperus spp.
Kalmia latifolia Mountain Laurel
Kerria japonica Japanese Rose
Kolkwitzia amabilis Beauty Bush
Leucothoe fontanesiana Drooping Leucothoe
Melianthus major Honey Bush
Nerium oleander
Pieris japonica Japanese Pieris
Prunes caroliniana Carolina Cherry Laurel
Rhododendron spp.
Rhus ovata Sugar Bush
Sabal blackburniana Hispaniolan Palmetto
Sambucus racemosa Red Elderberry
Syringa vulgaris Common lilac
Teucrium fruticans Germander

Trees

Beaucarnea recurvata Ponytail, Bottle Palm
Betula papyrifera Paper Birch
Betula pendula European White Birch
Cordyline australis Dracaena Palm
Cornus capitata Himalayan Dogwood
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood
Cornus kousa Kousa Dogwood
Crataegus laevigata English Hawthorn
Diospyros virginiana Persimmon
Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive
Erythea armata Mexican Blue Palm
Fagus sylvaica European Beech
Fraxinus velutina Arizona Ash
Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust
Ilex spp. (except thornless) Holly
Lyonothamnus floribundus Catalina Ironwood
Melia azedarach China-berry Tree
Myrica californica Wax Myrtle
Picea abies Norway Spruce
Picea glauca White Spruce
Picea pungens Colorado Blue Spruce
Pinus mugo Mugo Pine
Pinus nigra Austrian Pine
Pinus resinosa Red Pine
Pinus rigida Pitch Pine
Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine
Prunus serrulata Japanese Flowering Cherry
Quillaja saponaria Soapbark Tree
Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust
Salix matsudana tortuosa Corkscrew Willow
Sassafras albidum Common Sassafras
Syzygium paniculatum Australian Bush-cherry, Eugenia


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