planting and maintaining grape vines - Knowledgebase Question

freehold, Ne
Question by sdandrea
October 16, 2008
planting grapevines , spacing , best vines to buy in my region


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Answer from NGA
October 16, 2008

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According to the University of Nebraska, the most popular grape varieties for your growing region include:
American Hybrids Blue-Black
'Alden'- late mid-season, very good quality when fully mature wine or table grape, large, meaty berries, cluster thin, trial for southeastern Nebraska
'Bath'- mid-season, fair to good quality, table grape, Concord type, cluster thin, generally hardy in eastern Nebraska
'Beta' -mid-season, fair quality, juice, jelly, very hardy, Beta wine tends to be quite poor, but jelly is very flavorful, similar to Valiant which may have higher quality
'Bluebel'- early to mid-season cultivar, excellent juice grape, table grape, should be hardy in eastern Nebraska, trial in central Nebraska
'Fredonia'- mid-season, good quality, table grape, juice, jelly, Concord type, generally hardy into central Nebraska; McCampbell is a large fruited type of Fredonia
'Steuben'- late mid-season, very good quality, table grape, wine, sweet, spicy berry, for southeast'Valiant'- early season, fair to good quality, small clusters, superior in flavor to Beta, for trial in northwestern Nebraska
White
'Edelweiss'- early, fair to good quality, table grape, wine, hardier than Ontario
'Himrod'- early, seedless, excellent quality, table grape, trial for eastern Nebraska although occasionally produces in selected sites further west (may require winter cover)
'Kay Gray'- early season, table grape, juice (low acid), good eating quality, trial in central Nebraska
'Ontario'- mid-season, good to very good quality, subject to fruit rots, table grape, for southeastern Nebraska
Red
'Delaware'- mid-season, excellent quality, wine, table grape, hardy in eastern Nebraska
'Reliance'- early, seedless, good quality, table grape, raisin, hardiest of the seedless grape

Spacing depends upon the vigor of the cultivar(s) you choose to grow. One plant will provide plenty of table grapes for single family use; two varieties of wine grapes will provide plenty of fruit for winemaking.

All grapes require full sunshine and ample water.

Best wishes with your grapevines!

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