Deer resistant plants - Knowledgebase Question

Gig Harbor, Wa
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Question by cheri6
February 12, 2009
Do you have a list of flowers/plants I can plant in my beds that are deer resistant?

Answer from NGA
February 12, 2009
Here's a list of plants deer do not usually bother, but keep in mind that hungry deer will eat almost anything, so your mileage may vary. What deer eat depends upon what else is available, and what the competition is in the neighborhood. With that said, here's the list:

Trees Not Favored by Deer
Ash (Fraxinus);
Beech (Fagus);
Birch (Betula);
Chestnut (Castanea);
Dawn Redwood (Metasequoia);
Hemlock (Tsuga);
Locust, black (Robinia) Locust& honey Locust;
Mimosa/Silktree (Albizia);
Redbud (Cercis);
Sassafras (Sassafras);
Smoketree (Cotinus);
Sourwood (Oxydendron);
Sweet Gum (Liquidambar);
Spruce (Picea);
Tree Lilac (Syringa reticulata);
Tuliptree (Liriodendron).

Shrubs Not Favored By Deer:
Barberry (Berberis);
Forsythia (Forsythia);
Juniper (Juniperus);
Kerria (Kerria);
Lilac (Syringa);
Oregon-Grape (Mahonia);
Smoke bush (Cotinus);
Spirea (Spiraea);
Witchhazel (Hamamelis);

Groundcovers Not Favored By Deer:
Barren Strawberry (Waldsteinia);
Bergenia (Bergenia);
Bunchberry (Cornus);
Catmint (Nepeta);
Epimedium (Epimedium);
Ferns (various species);
Ginger (Asarum);
Indian Strawberry (Duchesnea);
Juniper Juniperus);
Lady's Mantle (Alchemilla);
Lamium (Lamium);
Lily-of-the-Valley (Convallaria);
Lily Turf (Liriope spicata);
Lungwort (Pulmonaria);
Pachysandra (Pachysandra);
Potentilla (Potentilla);
Sedum (Sedum);
Sempervivum (Sempervivum);
Snow-in-Summer (Cerastiun);
Sweet Woodruff (Asperula);
Vinca (Vinca);
Violet (Viola);
Wild Strawberry (Fragaria)

Deer-Resistant Annuals and Biennials
African Daisy;
Ageratum (Ageratum);
Alyssum (Lobularia);
Campanula (Campanula);
Candytuft (Iberis);
Forget-me-not (Myosotis);
Four o'clock (Mirabilis);
Foxglove (Digitalis);
Heliotrope (Heliotropium);
Larkspur (Delphinium);
Lobelia (Lobelia);
Marigold (Tagetes);
Mimulus (Mimulus);
Morning Glory (Ipomoea);
Moonflower (Ipomoea);
Nasturtium (Tropaeolum);
Petunia (Petunia);
Poppy (Papaver);
Salvia (Salvia);
Snapdragon (Antirrhinum);
Stocks (Matthiola);
Sunflower (Helianthus);
Sweet William (Dianthus);
Thistle (Cirsium);
Tithonia (Tithonia)

Deer-Resistant Hardy Perennials Alyssum (Lobularia); Anemone (Anemone); Artemisia Artemisia lactiflora); Astilbe (Astilbe); Bee Balm (Monarda); Bergenia (Bergenia); Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia); Butterfly Weed (Asclepias); Columbine (Aquilegia); Coreopsis (Coreopsis); Crane's Bill (Geranium); Cyclamen (Cyclamen); Daisy (Chrysanthemum); Dame's Rocket (Hesperis); Fleabane Daisy (Erigeron); Foam Flower (Tiarella); Gentian (Gentiana); Geum (Geum); Goldenrod (Solidago); Hellebore (Helleborus); Iris (Iris); Jacob's Ladder (Polemonium); Loosestrife (Lythrum); Lychnis (Lychnis); Lythrum (Lythrum); Marsh Marigold (Caltha); Meadow Rue (Thalictrum); Meadow Sweet (Filipendula hexapetala);Peony (Paeonia); Phlox (Phlox); Pinks (Dianthus); Purple Coneflower (Echinacea); Russian Sage (Perovskia); Salvia (Salvia); Sedum (Sedum); Sempervivum (Sempervivum); Snakeroot (Eupatorium); Sneezeweed (Helenium); Snow-in-Summer (Cerastiun); Soapwort (Saponaria); Toadflax (Linaria); Valerian (Valeriana); Veronica (Veronica); Violet (Viola); Yarrow (Achillea); Yucca (Yucca). Best wishes with your garden!

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