fruit - Knowledgebase Question

pahrump, Ne
Question by lachula0289
March 30, 2010
what kind of fruit trees can i plant in desert weather?


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Answer from NGA
March 30, 2010

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low-chill deciduous fruit trees which should do well in the low desert include apples such as:
Anna: Remarkable fruit for mild-winter climates in Southern Arizona. Heavy crops of sweet, crisp, flavorful apples even in low desert. Fresh or cooked. Keeps 2 months in refrigerator. Chilling requirement 200 hours. Self-fruitful or pollinated by Dorsett Golden or Ein shemer.

Beverly Hills: Produces a pale yellow medium sized fruit. Chilling requirement 300 hours. Self-fruitful.

Ein shemer: Heavy-bearing, very low chilling requirement of 100 hours. Sweet yellow apples in early summer (June in the low desert). Excellent pollenizer for Anna. Self- fruitful.

Fuji: Recently introduced from Japan, has quickly become California?s favorite apple. Sweet, very crisp and flavorful, excellent keeper. Dull reddish-orange skin, sometimes russeted. Chilling requirement listed as 600 hours, but preliminary testing in the low desert indicate that it may be less. Self-fruitful.

Gala: Wonderful dessert apple from New Zealand. Crisp, nice blend of sweetness and tartness, rich flavor. Skin reddish-orange over yellow. Chilling requirement listed as 500-600 hours, preliminary testings suggest it maybe less. Self-fruitful.

Golden Dorsett: Outstanding sweet apple for warm winter areas. Firm, very flavorful, sweet like Golden Delicious. Productive throughout the low desert. Good early season sweet apple. Chilling requirement of 100 hours. Self-fruitful.

Gordon: Produces a reddish-green fruit for fresh use and cooking. Chilling requirement, 400 hours. Self-fruitful.

Apricots:
Castlebrite: Firm and juicy. Good flavor when fully ripe, otherwise somewhat tart. Good size. Bright orange with red blush. 450 chill hours. Self-fruitful.

Gold Kist: Excellent backyard apricot for warm winter climates. Freestone, very good quality. Heavy bearing. Early harvest, late May to early June. Requires 300 chill hours. Self-fruitful.

Katy: Large, all purpose flavorful freestone. Tree ripe fruit is subacid (not tart). A favorite apricot for warm-winter climates. Early harvest, late May to early June. Requires 400 chill hours. Self-fruitful.

Modesto: Commercially grown for shipping. 300-400 hours chilling. Self-fruitful.

Patterson: A vigorous tree. Fruit are medium to large in size with good firm, modestly flavorful flesh. Good for freezing, drying, and canning. Requires 500 chill hours. Self-fruitful.

Royal Rosa: Extremely vigorous, more disease tolerant than other apricots. Bears young and heavy. Especially nice fruit: sweet, low acid, fine flavor. Very early harvest (early-to-mid May). Excellent backyard apricot. Requires 500 chill hours. Self-fruitful.

Pears:
Flordahome: Very nice quality, sweet, smooth-textured, juicy, flavorful. Early bloom. Chilling requirement less than 400 hours. Partly self-fruitful.

Kieffer: Medium to large late season fruit. Canning/cooking. Sprightly flavor, coarse texture. Resists fireblight, tolerates hot climates. Dependable crops. 350 hours. Self-fruitful.

And, plums:
Beauty: Sweet, flavorful plum. Red over yellow skin, amber flesh streaked red. Chilling requirement of 250 hours. Self-fruitful.
*Gulf Gold: Green-skinned plum which turns yellowish when ripe. Juicy, sweet, yellow flesh. Chilling requirement of 250 hours. Self-fruitful.

*ulf Ruby: Sweet, juicy plum, with reddish-purple skin and amber flesh.Chilling requirement of 250 hours. Self-fruitful.

Methley: Juicy, sweet, red flesh, mild flavor. Reddish purple skin. Attractive tree, heavy bearing and vigorous. Chilling requirement of 250 hours. Self-fruitful.

Santa Rosa: Most popular plum in California and Arizona. Juicy, tangy, flavorful. Reddish-purple skin, amber flesh tinged red. Chilling requirement of 300 hours. Self-fruitful.


Enjoy your new trees.

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