Slow draining clay soil - Knowledgebase Question

Frankfort, Il
Question by krislizak
June 14, 2010
I have a house with 1 acre of yard. The soil is all clay. When the rainy day is over my soil stays wet for the next 2-3 days. I can't cut the grass because there is too much water on my yard. How I can improve my soil quality for the whole 1 acre? Does Home Depot have a some kind of mixture that I can use while watering my lawn that will improve my soil?
Please help me. :-(

Thank You

Answer from NGA
June 14, 2010


Clay soil can remain wet for a long, long time and since you have an acre of land, it isn't practical to amend the soil to help it drain faster so you may want to install curtain drains to help redirect at least some of the rain water so your lawn area doesn't become saturated after each rainstorm. A curtain, or French drain is a time-honored system for eliminating excess water from low points and other areas prone to saturated soil. French drains are quite simple: in essence they are just trenches filled with gravel, with sand on top of that. Often, you'll see French drains defined to include a drain pipe as well, though the traditional design is simply the gravel-filled trench. The advantages of French drains are low cost and easy installation. In addition, they can be covered over with turf after installation, making them less conspicuous. A French drain starts with digging a trench. The depth and width of the trench can vary, but 5 to 6 inches wide and 8 to 12 inches deep are common sizes and usually satisfy most needs. Grading is a critical consideration ? you must ensure that enough slope exists for the water to actually flow, and flow in the right direction. It might be adequate to check very short stretches of drain with a level to ensure that a slope exists to carry water in the desired direction. However, you should take whatever measures are necessary, including a survey and grading, if needed, to ensure that you have at least a 0.5 percent slope. A 1 or 2 percent grade is better. Add gravel to the trench to within a few inches of the surface. Gravel for this use is typically 0.5 to 1 inch in size. On top of the gravel, lay at least 3 or 4 inches of coarse sand. This provides a medium in which turf can grow so that the trench will not be visible. But remember that the sand must be coarse or it won't allow water to properly drain through. Turf may be seeded into the sand or simply allowed to grow in from the adjacent stand, if the turf is a spreading type. Or, you can lay sod over the sand.

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