Question: I adopted my daughter's Hot Cocoa rose bush in a container when she moved earlier this week. The poor thing has yellow leaves and 'black spot'. Black Spot I know how to treat - what could be causing the yellow leaves? Not enough sun? I don't want to transplant it with my other healthy roses unless I have an idea if what it's suffering from is contagious. HELP!
Thank you in advance for any assistance you can offer!
Answer: Yellowing leaves can indicate natural leaf drop (if it is just affected the oldest leaves), water stress, or disease such as black spot. Black spot is caused by Diplocarpon rosae, a fungus that overwinters on old diseased leaves and infected canes. Leaves are most susceptible while expanding. After fungal spores land on leaves, it takes at least 9 hours of leaf wetness for the spore to infect. Fungal fruiting bodies form in 11-30 days. A new crop of spores is produced and spreads to healthy portions of the plant by splashing rain or irrigation water. Spores do not survive in soil but do survive on all infected plant debris. The natural genetic variability of the fungus means roses found resistant in one location may be susceptible in another location due to the presence of different fungal strains. Also, resistant roses may become susceptible after a few years due to changes in the local fungal population. The symptoms of black spot begin with circular black spots, frequently with fringed margins. Yellowing and defoliation are common in susceptible cultivars. In wet weather, spots may become very severe and run together, making large irregular spots. Control practices include avoiding dense plantings (good air circulation all around the plant is important). Avoid overhead watering. Rake up and remove all leaves at the end of the season. You can try removing the yellowing leaves as soon as you notice them, but I suspect the canes might also be infected. A copper-based fungicide should stop the disease in its tracks. Roses need 6-8 hours of sunshine per day. I think I'd continue to isolate the rose until you can treat the black spot and the plant begins to look healthy again.
Best wishes with your roses!
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